Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2017, Article ID 2754831, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2754831
Research Article

Ocean Surface Current Observation with a Dual Monopole-Cross-Loop Antenna Array

School of Electronic Information, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Hao Zhou; nc.ude.uhw@h.uohz

Received 21 July 2017; Revised 7 November 2017; Accepted 22 November 2017; Published 18 December 2017

Academic Editor: Amerigo Capria

Copyright © 2017 Yeping Lai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. D. Paduan and L. Washburn, “High-frequency radar observations of ocean surface currents,” Annual Review of Marine Science, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 115–136, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. W. Gurgel, G. Antonischki, H. H. Essen, and T. Schlick, “Wellen radar (WERA): a new ground-wave HF radar for ocean remote sensing,” Coastal Engineering, vol. 37, no. 3-4, pp. 219–234, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B. Lipa and D. Barrick, “Least-squares methods for the extraction of surface currents from codar crossed-loop data: application at ARSLOE,” IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 226–253, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H. Zhou and B. Wen, Portable High Frequency Surface Wave Radar OSMAR-S, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
  5. H. Zhou and B. Wen, “Wave height extraction from the first-order bragg peaks in high-frequency radars,” IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 2296–2300, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. R. Carr, “Three-element antenna formed of orthogonal loops mounted on a monopole,” US Patent 4,433,336, 1984.
  7. R. Schmidt, “Multiple emitter location and signal parameter estimation,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 276–280, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. S. Cosoli, A. Mazzoldi, and M. Gačić, “Validation of surface current measurements in the northern Adriatic sea from high-frequency radars,” Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 908–919, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Y. Liu, R. H. Weisberg, and C. R. Merz, “Assessment of CODAR seasonde and WERA HF radars in mapping surface currents on the west Florida shelf,” Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 1363–1382, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. P. Lorente, S. Piedracoba, and E. A. Fanjul, “Validation of high-frequency radar ocean surface current observations in the NW of the Iberian peninsula,” Continental Shelf Research, vol. 92, pp. 1–15, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Kalampokis, M. Uttieri, P. M. Poulain, and E. Zambianchi, “Validation of HF radar-derived currents in the Gulf of Naples with lagrangian data,” IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 1452–1456, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. Y. Lai, H. Zhou, J. Yang, Y. Zeng, and B. Wen, “Submesoscale eddies in the Taiwan Strait observed by high-frequency radars: detection algorithms and eddy properties,” Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 939–953, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. P. Stoica and A. Nehorai, “MUSIC, maximum likelihood, and cramer-rao bound,” IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 720–741, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. E. Barrick and B. J. Lipa, “Evolution of bearing determination in HF current mapping radars,” Oceanography, vol. 10, pp. 72–75, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. D. E. Barrick and B. J. Lipa, “Radar angle determination with MUSIC direction finding,” US Patent 5,990,834, 1999.
  16. W. Wang and E. W. Gill, “Evaluation of beamforming and direction finding for a phased array HF ocean current radar,” Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol. 33, no. 12, pp. 2599–2613, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. S. Longuet-Higgins, “Observations of the directional spectrum of sea waves using the motions of a floating buoy,” in Ocean Wave Spectra: Proceedings of a Conference, Prentice-Hall, pp. 111–136, 1961.