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International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 3829390, 11 pages
Research Article

Improved Reflectarray Phase-Only Synthesis Using the Generalized Intersection Approach with Dielectric Frame and First Principle of Equivalence

Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Oviedo, Edificio Polivalente, Módulo 8, 33203 Gijón, Spain

Correspondence should be addressed to Manuel Arrebola

Received 27 February 2017; Revised 10 April 2017; Accepted 30 April 2017; Published 23 May 2017

Academic Editor: Ahmed Toaha Mobashsher

Copyright © 2017 Daniel R. Prado et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


An improved reflectarray Phase-Only Synthesis technique which employs the generalized Intersection Approach (IA) algorithm is fully described. It is formulated with the First Principle of Equivalence and takes into account a dielectric frame which is usually present to screw the reflectarray breadboard to the supporting structure. The effects of the First Principle of Equivalence versus the Second Principle in the computation of the radiation patterns, as well as the dielectric frame, are assessed and taken into account in an efficient implementation of the generalized IA in order to obtain more accurate results. Different strategies to speed up the synthesis process are presented and to improve convergence. The technique is demonstrated through two examples for space and terrestrial applications: an isoflux pattern for global Earth coverage from a satellite and a Local Multipoint Distribution Service pattern for central stations of cellular systems, both with a working frequency of 25.5 GHz. In addition, experimental results validate the approach described in this work with a prototype with an isoflux pattern working at 30 GHz.