Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation
Volume 2017, Article ID 4825179, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4825179
Research Article

A Microstrip Second-Iteration Square Koch Dipole Antenna for TT&C Downlink Applications in Small Satellites

1CONACYT, Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Telecomunicaciones Espaciales, Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas, Ramón López Velarde 801, Zacatecas, ZAC, Mexico
2Coordinación General de Investigación Científica, Universidad de Colima, Gonzalo de Sandoval 444, Colima, COL, Mexico
3Facultad de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica, Universidad de Colima, Carr. Colima-Coquimatlan Km 8.5, Coquimatlán, COL, Mexico
4Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Telecomunicaciones Espaciales, Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas, Ramón López Velarde 801, Zacatecas, ZAC, Mexico

Correspondence should be addressed to Jorge Simón; moc.liamg@rnomisj

Received 16 November 2016; Revised 29 January 2017; Accepted 13 February 2017; Published 9 March 2017

Academic Editor: Herve Aubert

Copyright © 2017 Jorge Simón et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. http://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/5-8/features/nasa-knows/what-is-a-satellite-58.html.
  2. B. R. Elbert, The Satellite Communications Applications Handbook, Artech House Space Applications Series, 2nd edition, 2004.
  3. I. Marboe, Small Satellites: Regulatory Challenges and Chances, Studies in Space Law, 2016.
  4. C. Kakoyiannis and P. Constantinou, “Electrically small microstrip antennas targeting miniaturized satellites: the CubeSat paradigm,” in Microstrip Antennas, N. Nasimuddin, Ed., chapter 12, InTech, Rijeka, Croatia, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  5. S. Gao, M. Brenchley, M. Unwin et al., “Antennas for small satellites,” in Proceedings of the Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference (LAPC '08), pp. 66–69, Loughborough, UK, March 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. Gao, K. Clark, M. Unwin et al., “Antennas for modern small satellites,” IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 40–56, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. K. A. N. Volkan, “Electrically small printed antenna for applications on cubesat and nano-satellite platforms,” Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 891–896, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. K. Clark, M. Unwin, J. Zackrisson et al., “Microstrip antenna with solar cells for microsatellites,” in Proceedings of the Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium Digest, vol. 2, pp. 786–789, Seattle, Wash, USA, June 1994.
  9. R. Mathur, R. Haupt, and C. Swenson, “Student antenna design for a nanosatellite,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Aerospace Conference, vol. 7, pp. 3683–3688, Big Sky, Mont, USA, March 2001.
  10. K. Muchalski, M. Jagoda, M. Tomasiak et al., “Optimizing TT&C antenna placement on minisatellites,” in Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Microwaves, Radar and Wireless Communications (MIKON '04), pp. 489–492, Warzaw, Poland, May 2004. View at Scopus
  11. T. J. Mizuno, J. D. Roque, B. T. Murakami et al., “Antennas for distributed nanosatellite networks,” in Proceedings of the IEEE/ACES International Conference on Wireless Communications and Applied Computational Electromagnetics, pp. 606–609, IEEE, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, April 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. A. Balanis, Modern Antenna Handbook, John Wiley & Sons, 2009.
  13. B. Hephzibah Lincy, A. Srinoivasan, and B. Rajalakshmi, “Wideband fractal microstrip antenna for wireless application,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Human Machine Interaction, Chennai, India, March 2013.
  14. B. B. Mandelbrot, The Fractal Geometry of Nature, W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, NY, USA, 1983.
  15. Y. Suo, J. Han, W. Li, and W. Deng, “Design and analysis of miniature fractal antenna,” in Proceedings of the Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS '14), pp. 1799–1803, Guangzhou, China, August 2014. View at Scopus
  16. J. P. Gianvittorio and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Fractal antennas: a novel antenna miniaturization technique, and applications,” IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 20–36, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. P. Baliarda, J. Romeu, and A. Cardama, “The Koch monopole: a small fractal antenna,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 48, no. 11, pp. 1773–1781, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Mondal, “Miniaturized and dual band hybrid koch dipole fractal antenna design,” International Journal of Computer Communication and Information System, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 23–27, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  19. http://demonstrations.wolfram.com/SquareKochFractalCurves/.
  20. J. M. Hughes, Practical Electronics: Components and Techniques, O'Reilly Media Inc, Newton, Mass, USA, 2015.
  21. http://www.keysight.com/en/pdx-x201875-pn-N5222A/pna-microwave-network-analyzer-265-ghz?pm=spc&nid=-32497.1150215&cc=MX&lc=spa.
  22. http://www.keysight.com/en/pd-2171664-pn-85521A/4-in-1-oslt-mechanical-calibration-kit-dc-to-265-ghz-type-35-mm-f-50-ohm?cc=US&lc=eng.
  23. http://www.ets-lindgren.com/AnechoicChamber.
  24. http://www.keysight.com/en/pdx-x201901-pn-N9913A/fieldfox-handheld-microwave-analyzer-4-ghz?cc=US&lc=eng.
  25. V. L. Granatstein, Physical Principles of Wireless Communications, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 2nd edition, 2012.