Table of Contents
International Journal of Atmospheric Sciences
Volume 2015, Article ID 302076, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/302076
Review Article

The Role of Kenya Meteorological Service in Weather Early Warning in Kenya

1Kenya Meteorological Service, P.O. Box 30259, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
2Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China

Received 31 July 2014; Revised 2 February 2015; Accepted 10 February 2015

Academic Editor: Tido Semmler

Copyright © 2015 Zablon W. Shilenje and Bob A. Ogwang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Early warning in weather forecasting entails provision of timely and effective weather information that allows individuals, organisations, or communities exposed to likely weather hazards to take action that avoids or reduces their exposure to risks. Various sectors have developed different ways to mitigate the effects of climate anomalies. The study reviews the existing monitoring and response structures, and communications flow channels of weather data at different levels, focusing on the role of Kenya Meteorological Service (KMS). The methodology employed was literature review of various documents. The study argues that early warning and weather information communication are essential elements for effective governance of weather risks through a well-developed warning system. At the end, the study recommends strengthening the existing structures with respect to weather monitoring, processing, and dissemination of weather products to end users.