Table of Contents
International Journal of Atmospheric Sciences
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 8108691, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8108691
Research Article

Fire-Risk Assessment in Northern Greece Using a Modified Fosberg Fire-Weather Index That Includes Forest Coverage

1National Observatory of Athens, Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development, Atmospheric Research Team, Lofos Nymphon, 11810 Athens, Greece
2National Observatory of Athens, Directorate of Administration, Lofos Nymphon, 11810 Athens, Greece
3The Hellenic Parliament, Vassilissis Sofias 2, 10021 Athens, Greece

Received 17 March 2016; Accepted 28 April 2016

Academic Editor: Panagiotis Nastos

Copyright © 2016 Harry D. Kambezidis and George K. Kalliampakos. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The spatial distribution of the monthly mean values for various climatological parameters in Northern Greece is derived. The corresponding data come from measurements at several meteorological stations located in Central Macedonia, Eastern Macedonia, and Thrace (CM/EMT) area in the period 1975–1997. The collected data concern high temperature and low relative humidity, as well as local forest coverage, and are utilized for the calculation of a modified Fosberg Fire-Weather Index in order to estimate the fire risk over Northern Greece due to the local weather under critical conditions. As a result, monthly fire-risk maps of the CM/EMT area for the months of May to October are derived for the first time by applying sophisticated analytical geospatial tools and methods. Furthermore, fire events corresponding to the same region and period are added to the derived maps for comparison and for a better evaluation of the method. The resulting correspondence of the predicted fire risk to the local wind-speed behavior and forest abundance demonstrates the need of the necessary precaution measures to limit the future danger levels from fire events.