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International Journal of Biodiversity
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 142670, 9 pages
Research Article

Anthropomorphic Factors Influencing Spanish Conservation Policies of Vertebrates

1Laboratory 8, Department of Ecology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, c. José Antonio Novais, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2Social-Ecological Systems Laboratory, Department of Ecology, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, c. Darwin, 28049 Madrid, Spain

Received 5 November 2012; Accepted 28 November 2012

Academic Editor: Rafael Riosmena-Rodríguez

Copyright © 2013 Irene Martín-Forés et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


National and international reports developed for the International Year of Biodiversity concluded that we have failed to meet the 2010 biodiversity target. There is an urgent need to analyze current policies for biodiversity conservation. We examined the anthropomorphic factors underlying the threatened species listings (both red lists and legal lists) and funding allocation for the conservation of vertebrates in Spain at different organizational levels, from the global to subnational level. Our results reveal a strong effect of anthropomorphic factors on conservation policies, mainly legal listings and species priority setting at national scale. Specifically, we found that those vertebrates that are phylogenetically close to humans or physically similar to human neonates tend to receive more conservation attention. Based on results, we suggest recommendations to improve conservation policies in Spain.