Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Biodiversity
Volume 2013, Article ID 187659, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/187659
Research Article

Marine Nematodes from the Shallow Subtidal Coast of the Adriatic Sea: Species List and Distribution

Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, della Vita e dell'Ambiente (DiSTEVA), Università degli Studi di Urbino “Carlo Bo”, Località Crocicchia, 61029 Urbino, Italy

Received 14 September 2012; Revised 27 November 2012; Accepted 27 November 2012

Academic Editor: Rafael Riosmena-Rodríguez

Copyright © 2013 F. Semprucci. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. M. Platt and R. M. Warwick, “Chapter 10, The significance of free-living nematodes to the littoral ecosystem,” in The Shore Environment—2. Ecosystems, J. H. Price and D. E. G. Irvine, Eds., pp. 729–759, London, UK, 1980. View at Google Scholar
  2. P. J. D. Lambshead, in Nematology: Advances and Perspectives—Vol 1: Nematode Morphology, Physiology and Ecology, Z. X. Chen, S. Y. Chen, and D. W. Dickson, Eds., Marine Nematode Biodiversity, pp. 436–467, CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK, 2004.
  3. I. Andrássy, “A short census of free-living nematodes,” Fundamental and Applied Nematologie, vol. 15, pp. 187–188, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  4. C. Heip, M. Vincx, and G. Vranken, “The ecology of marine nematodes,” Oceanography and Marine Biology an Annual Review, vol. 23, pp. 399–489, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  5. O. Giere, Meiobenthology: The Microscopic Motile Fauna of Aquatic Sediments, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2nd edition, 2009.
  6. M. Moreno, F. Semprucci, L. Vezzulli, M. Balsamo, M. Fabiano, and G. Albertelli, “The use of nematodes in assessing ecological quality status in the Mediterranean coastal ecosystems,” Ecological Indicators, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 328–336, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. E. Abebe, W. Decraemer, and P. De Ley, “Global diversity of nematodes (Nematoda) in freshwater,” Hydrobiologia, vol. 595, no. 1, pp. 67–78, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Balsamo, G. Albertelli, V. U. Ceccherelli et al., “Meiofauna of the adriatic sea: present knowledge and future perspectives,” Chemistry and Ecology, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 45–63, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. F. Semprucci, R. Sandulli, and S. De Zio-Grimaldi, “Adenophorea, nematodi marini,” in Checklist della Flora e della Fauna dei Mari Italiani, G. Relini, Ed., vol. 15 of Biologia Marina Mediterranea, pp. 184–209, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  10. C. Allgén, “Die freilebenden Nematoden des Mittelmeeres,” Zoologische Jahrbücher, vol. 76, pp. 1–102, 1942. View at Google Scholar
  11. J. H. Schuurmans-Stekhoven, “The free-living marine nemas of the Mediterranean—I. The Bay of Villefranche,” Institut Royal Des Sciences Naturelles De Belgique Memoires, vol. 37, pp. 1–220, 1950. View at Google Scholar
  12. S. A. Gerlach, “Die Nematodenbesiedlung des Sandstrandes und des Küstengrundwassers an der italienischen Küste—I. Systematischer Teil,” Archivio Zoologico Italiano, vol. 37, pp. 517–640, 1953. View at Google Scholar
  13. A. Travizi and J. Vidaković, “Nematofauna in the Adriatic Sea: review and check-list of free-living nematode species,” Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 503–519, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. V. U. Ceccherelli and F. Cevidalli, “Osservazioni preliminari sulla bionomia dei popolamenti meiobentonici della Sacca di Scardovari (Delta del Po), con particolare riferimento ai Nematodi ed ai Copepodi,” Quaderni del laboratorio di Tecnologia della Pesca. Atti del Congresso S.I.B.M., 1981.
  15. A. Guerrini, M. A. Colangelo, and V. U. Ceccherelli, “Recolonization patterns of meiobenthic communities in brackish vegetated and unvegetated habitats after induced hypoxia/anoxia,” Hydrobiologia, vol. 375-376, pp. 73–87, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. De Zio, “Distribuzione dei nematodi in spiagge pugliesi,” Bollettino Di Zoologia, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 907–920, 1964. View at Google Scholar
  17. S. De Zio, “Nematodi marini del litorale pugliese,” Bollettino di Zoologia, vol. 33, p. 182, 1966. View at Google Scholar
  18. S. Grimaldi-De Zio, “Il popolamento di Nematodi di una spiaggia pugliese in rapporto al ritmo di marea,” Bollettino di Zoologia, vol. 34, p. 126, 1967. View at Google Scholar
  19. S. Grimaldi-De Zio, “Una nuova specie di nematodi Comesomatidae: dorylaimopsis mediterraneus,” Bollettino di Zoologia, vol. 35, pp. 137–141, 1968. View at Google Scholar
  20. S. Grimaldi-De Zio, “Confronto fra Nematodi del fango coralligeno di piattaforma e una comunità del fango dello stesso distretto adriatico,” Bollettino di Zoologia, vol. 35, p. 347, 1968. View at Google Scholar
  21. R. Sandulli, S. De Zio-Grimaldi, M. Gallo D’Addabbo, L. Caló, and E. Bressan, “Aspetti della biodiversità della meiofauna lungo il litorale pugliese,” Biologia Marina Mediterranea, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 484–493, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  22. R. Sandulli, C. de Leonardis, and J. Vanaverbeke, “Meiobenthic communities in the shallow subtidal of three Italian Marine Protected Areas,” Italian Journal of Zoology, vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 186–196, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. Vidaković, A. Travizi, and G. Boucher, “Two new species of the genus Metacyatholaimus (Nematoda, Cyatholaimidae) from the Adriatic Sea with a key to the species,” Cahiers de Biologie Marine, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 111–120, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. de Leonardis, R. Sandulli, J. Vanaverbeke, M. Vincx, and S. De Zio, “Meiofauna and nematode diversity in some Mediterranean subtidal areas of the Adriatic and Ionian Sea,” Scientia Marina, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 5–13, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. Travizi, “The nematode fauna of the northern Adriatic offshore sediments: community structure and biodiversity,” Acta Adriatica, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 169–180, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. F. Semprucci, P. Boi, A. Manti et al., “Benthic communities along a littoral of the Central Adriatic Sea (Italy),” Helgoland Marine Research, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 101–115, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. P. Franco, L. Jeftic, P. Malanotte-Rizzoli, A. Michelato, and M. Orlic, “Descriptive model of the northern Adriatic,” Oceanologica Acta, vol. 5, pp. 379–389, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  28. M. Zavatarelli, J. W. Baretta, J. G. Baretta-Bekker, and N. Pinardi, “The dynamics of the Adriatic Sea ecosystem. An idealized model study,” Deep-Sea Research Part I, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 937–970, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. B. Buchanan, “Sediment analysis,” in Methods for the Study of Marine Benthos, N. A. Holme and A. D. McIntyre, Eds., pp. 41–65, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  30. J. B. Buchanan, “Measurement of the physical and chemical environment,” in Methods for the Study of Marine Benthos, N. A. Holme and A. D. McIntyre, Eds., pp. 30–52, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK, 1971. View at Google Scholar
  31. O. Pfannkuche and H. Thiel, “Sample processing,” in Introduction to the Study of Meiofauna, R. P. Higgins and H. Thiel, Eds., pp. 134–145, Smithsonian Institute, Washington, DC, USA, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  32. H. M. Platt and R. M. Warwick, “Free-living marine nematodes—part I. British Enoplids,” in Synopses of the British Fauna, vol. 28, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  33. H. M. Platt and R. M. Warwick, “Free-living marine nematodes—part II. British Chromadorids,” in Synopses of the British Fauna, vol. 38, Brill, Leiden, Holland, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  34. R. M. Warwick, H. M. Platt, and P. J. Somerfield, “Free-living marine nematodes—part III. British monhysterids,” in Synopses of the British Fauna, vol. 53, Field Studies Council, Shrewsbury, UK, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  35. T. Deprez, E. Vanden Berghe, and M. Vincx, World Wide Web electronic publication, 2005, http://www.nemys.ugent.be.
  36. S. A. Gerlach and F. Riemann, The Bremerhaven Checklist of Aquatic Nematodes. A catalogue of Nematoda Adenophorea excluding the Dorylaimida. Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Meeresforschung in Bremerhaven, 4 Part I and Part II,1973-1974.
  37. C. N. Bianchi, “Proposta di suddivisione dei mari italiani in settori biogeografici,” Notiziario SIBM, vol. 46, pp. 57–59, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  38. World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS), 2009, http://www.marinespecies.org.
  39. M. Steyaert, N. Garner, D. Van Gansbeke, and M. Vincx, “Nematode communities from the North Sea: environmental controls on species diversity and vertical distribution within the sediment,” Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 253–264, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. F. Semprucci, P. Colantoni, G. Baldelli, M. Rocchi, and M. Balsamo, “The distribution of meiofauna on back-reef sandy platforms in the Maldives (Indian Ocean),” Marine Ecology, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 592–607, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. Raes, W. Decraemer, and A. Vanreusel, “Walking with worms: coral-associated epifaunal nematodes,” Journal of Biogeography, vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 2207–2222, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. T. Gheskiere, M. Vincx, B. Urban-Malinga, C. Rossano, F. Scapini, and S. Degraer, “Nematodes from wave-dominated sandy beaches: diversity, zonation patterns and testing of the isocommunities concept,” Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, vol. 62, no. 1-2, pp. 365–375, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. F. Semprucci, P. Colantoni, C. Sbrocca, G. Baldelli, M. Rocchi, and M. Balsamo, “Meiofauna in sandy back-reef platforms differently exposed to the monsoons in the Maldives (Indian Ocean),” Journal of Marine Systems, vol. 87, no. 3-4, pp. 208–215, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. M. Moreno, G. Albertelli, and M. Fabiano, “Nematode response to metal, PAHs and organic enrichment in tourist marinas of the mediterranean sea,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 58, no. 8, pp. 1192–1201, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. P. Jensen, “Ecology of benthic and epiphytic nematodes in brackish waters,” Hydrobiologia, vol. 108, no. 3, pp. 201–217, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. C. Heip, R. Huys, M. Vincx et al., “Composition, distribution, biomass and production of North Sea meiofauna,” Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, vol. 26, no. 2–4, pp. 333–342, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. A. Vanreusel, “Ecology of free-living marine nematodes in the Voordelta (Southern Bight of the North Sea)—II. Habitat preferences of the dominant species,” Nematologica, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 343–359, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. M. Schratzberger, K. Warr, and S. I. Rogers, “Patterns of nematode populations in the southwestern North Sea and their link to other components of the benthic fauna,” Journal of Sea Research, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 113–127, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. T. Bongers, R. Alkemade, and G. W. Yeates, “Interpretation of disturbance-induced maturity decrease in marine nematode assemblages by means of the Maturity Index,” Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 135–142, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. L. J. Jacobs and J. Heyns, “Notes brèves. An ecological strategy in the genus Monhystera—an hypothesis,” Revue de Nématologie, vol. 13, pp. 109–111, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  51. F. Thiermann, B. Vismann, and O. Giere, “Sulphide tolerance of the marine nematode Oncholaimus campylocercoides—a result of internal sulphur formation?” Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 193, pp. 251–259, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. M. Curini-Galletti, “Platyhelminthes. La checklist della fauna marina Italiana,” in Checklist della Flora e della Fauna dei Mari Italiani, G. Relini, Ed., vol. 15 of Biologia Marina Mediterranea, pp. 110–124, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  53. M. J. Costello, P. Bouchet, C. S. Emblow, and A. Legakis, “European marine biodiversity inventory and taxonomic resources: state of the art and gaps in knowledge,” Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 316, pp. 257–268, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. D. Fontaneto and J. Hortal, “Do microorganisms have biogeography?” The International Biogeography Society, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 3–7, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  55. C. A. Kellogg and D. W. Griffin, “Aerobiology and the global transport of desert dust,” Trends in Ecology and Evolution, vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 638–644, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. O. Giere edition, Meiobenthology, The Microscopic Motile Fauna of Aquatic Sediments, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 1st edition, 1993.