Table of Contents
International Journal of Biodiversity
Volume 2013, Article ID 196527, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/196527
Research Article

Seasonal Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Mangroves of Goa, India

Department of Botany, Goa University, Taleigao, Goa 403 206, India

Received 27 September 2012; Revised 24 November 2012; Accepted 31 December 2012

Academic Editor: Curtis C. Daehler

Copyright © 2013 James D’Souza and Bernard Felinov Rodrigues. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Seasonal dynamics of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungal community composition in three common mangrove plant species, namely, Acanthus ilicifolius, Excoecaria agallocha, and Rhizophora mucronata, from two sites in Goa, India, were investigated. In all three species variation in AM fungal spore density was observed. Maximum spore density and AM species richness were recorded in the premonsoon season, while minimum spore density and richness were observed during monsoon season at both sites. A total of 11 AM fungal species representing five genera were recorded. Acaulospora laevis was recorded in all seasons at both sites. Multivariate analysis revealed that season and host coaffected AM spore density and species richness with the former having greater influence than the latter.