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International Journal of Biodiversity
Volume 2014, Article ID 296891, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/296891
Research Article

Effect of Anthropogenic Activities on Patterns of Genetic Diversity in Symplocos racemosa Roxb. from Western Ghats, India

1Plant Molecular Biology Group, Biochemical Sciences Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411008, India
2Department of Bioengineering and Technology, Gauhati University, Guwahati 781014, India
3Botanical Survey of India, Western Circle, Pune 411001, India

Received 30 September 2013; Revised 28 November 2013; Accepted 28 November 2013; Published 11 February 2014

Academic Editor: Alexandre Sebbenn

Copyright © 2014 Sofia Banu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The Western Ghats (WG) in India is recognized as one of the global biodiversity hotspots which have high proportion of endemic species and the medicinally important tree species. Due to medicinal importance and being found on the forest fringes, Symplocos racemosa Roxb. is highly susceptible to anthropogenic activities. The present study was undertaken to systematically analyze the effects of anthropogenic activities on the genetic diversity and population structure of S. racemosa and to generate preliminary data for conservation purposes. We analyzed the variation in intergenic sequences of chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes from seven sites of S. racemosa sampled from protected, semiprotected, and disturbed areas of WG. Total diversity was high although within-sites diversity was low. The protected sites were highly diverse, while the disturbed areas possessed less genetic diversity indicating the effect of anthropogenic activities.