Table 4: List of mangrove associated species, families, life forms, and habitats in the study sites.

NumberPlant speciesFamilyLife formHabitatSites
TubliSitra-1 Sitra-2

Arthrocnemum macrostachyumChenopodiaceaeChLSM-
Avicennia marinaAvicenniaceaePhMSR
Cistanche tubulosaOrobanchaceaeCr/PUSM-
Citrullus colocynthisCucurbitaceaeHeUSM--
Halocnemum strobilaceumAmaranthaceaeChLSM
Halopeplis perfoliataChenopodiaceaeChLSM--
Limonium axillarePlumbaginaceaeChUSM--
Phragmites australis PoaceaeCrUSM--
Pluchea ovalisAsteraceaePhUSM--
Salicornia herbaceaChenopodiaceaeThLSM
Sesuvium verrucosumAizoaceaeChUSM--
Suaeda aegyptiacaChenopodiaceaeChLSM
Suaeda maritimaChenopodiaceaeChLSM--
Tamarix arabicaTamaricaceaePhUSM
Zygophyllum qatarenseZygophyllaceaeChUSM--

Ch: Chamaephytes, Cr: Cryptophytes, He: Hemicryptophytes, P: parasite, Ph: Phanerophyte, Th: Therophytes, LSM: lower salt marsh, MSR: mangrove submerged root, and USM: upper salt marsh.