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International Journal of Biomedical Imaging
Volume 2008, Article ID 379486, 6 pages
Research Article

Effect of Edge-Preserving Adaptive Image Filter on Low-Contrast Detectability in CT Systems: Application of ROC Analysis

1CT Systems Development Department, Toshiba Medical Systems Corporation, 1385 Shimoishigami, Otawara-Shi, Tochigi 324-8550, Japan
2Embedded Systems Solutions Division, Toshiba Information Systems (Japan) Corporation, 1-53 Nissin-Cho, Kawasaki-Ku, Kawasaki-Shi, Kanagawa 210-8540, Japan
3Department of Radiological Sciences, UCLA Medical center, David Geffen School of Medicine, 924 Westwood Bouelvard, Suite 650 Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
4Department of Radiology, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, 1-98 Dengakugakubo, Kutsukake-Cho, Toyoake-Shi, Aichi 470-1192, Japan

Received 17 July 2008; Revised 1 October 2008; Accepted 6 October 2008

Academic Editor: Guowei Wei

Copyright © 2008 Miwa Okumura et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective. For the multislice CT (MSCT) systems with a larger number of detector rows, it is essential to employ dose-reduction techniques. As reported in previous studies, edge-preserving adaptive image filters, which selectively eliminate only the noise elements that are increased when the radiation dose is reduced without affecting the sharpness of images, have been developed. In the present study, we employed receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis to assess the effects of the quantum denoising system (QDS), which is an edge-preserving adaptive filter that we have developed, on low-contrast resolution, and to evaluate to what degree the radiation dose can be reduced while maintaining acceptable low-contrast resolution. Materials and Methods. The low-contrast phantoms (Catphan 412) were scanned at various tube current settings, and ROC analysis was then performed for the groups of images obtained with/without the use of QDS at each tube current to determine whether or not a target could be identified. The tube current settings for which the area under the ROC curve (Az value) was approximately 0.7 were determined for both groups of images with/without the use of QDS. Then, the radiation dose reduction ratio when QDS was used was calculated by converting the determined tube current to the radiation dose. Results. The use of the QDS edge-preserving adaptive image filter allowed the radiation dose to be reduced by up to 38%. Conclusion. The QDS was found to be useful for reducing the radiation dose without affecting the low-contrast resolution in MSCT studies.