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International Journal of Biomedical Imaging
Volume 2014, Article ID 704791, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/704791
Research Article

Comparison and Supervised Learning of Segmentation Methods Dedicated to Specular Microscope Images of Corneal Endothelium

LGF UMR CNRS 5307, École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 158 Cours Fauriel, 42023 Saint-Etienne Cedex 2, France

Received 12 February 2014; Accepted 12 August 2014; Published 22 September 2014

Academic Editor: Karen Panetta

Copyright © 2014 Yann Gavet and Jean-Charles Pinoli. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The cornea is the front of the eye. Its inner cell layer, called the endothelium, is important because it is closely related to the light transparency of the cornea. An in vivo observation of this layer is performed by using specular microscopy to evaluate the health of the cells: a high spatial density will result in a good transparency. Thus, the main criterion required by ophthalmologists is the cell density of the cornea endothelium, mainly obtained by an image segmentation process. Different methods can perform the image segmentation of these cells, and the three most performing methods are studied here. The question for the ophthalmologists is how to choose the best algorithm and to obtain the best possible results with it. This paper presents a methodology to compare these algorithms together. Moreover, by the way of geometric dissimilarity criteria, the algorithms are tuned up, and the best parameter values are thus proposed to the expert ophthalmologists.