Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Biomaterials
Volume 2009 (2009), Article ID 698547, 6 pages
Research Article

Crystal Structure Studies of Human Dental Apatite as a Function of Age

1Department of Physics and Center for Biological and Materials Physics, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA
2Department of Physics, National Technical University of Athens, 15780 Athens, Greece
3Department of Mineral Resources Engineering, Technical University of Crete, 73100 Chania, Greece

Received 5 October 2008; Revised 25 January 2009; Accepted 12 April 2009

Academic Editor: Chikara Ohtsuki

Copyright © 2009 Th. Leventouri et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. Zapanta-LeGeros, Calcium Phosphates in Oral Biology and Medicine, Karger, New York, NY, USA, 1991.
  2. J. C. Elliot, Structure and Chemistry of the Apatites and Other Calcium Orthophosphates, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1994.
  3. R. A. Young and P. E. Mackie, “Crystallography of human tooth enamel: initial structure refinement,” Materials Research Bulletin, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 17–29, 1980. View at Google Scholar
  4. R. M. Wilson, J. C. Elliott, and S. E. P. Dowker, “Rietveld refinement of the crystallographic structure of human dental enamel apatites,” American Mineralogist, vol. 84, no. 9, pp. 1406–1414, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  5. M. Al-Jawad, A. Steuwer, S. H. Kilcoyne, R. C. Shore, R. Cywinski, and D. J. Wood, “2D mapping of texture and lattice parameters of dental enamel,” Biomaterials, vol. 28, no. 18, pp. 2908–2914, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  6. R. Z. LeGeros, “Calcium phosphates in demineralization/remineralization processes,” Journal of Clinical Dentistry, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 65–73, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  7. I. M. Low, N. Duraman, and I. J. Davies, “Microstructure-property relationships in human adult and baby canine teeth,” Key Engineering Materials, vol. 309–311, pp. 23–26, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  8. I. M. Low, N. Duraman, J. Fulton, N. Tezuka, and I. J. Davies, “A comparative study of the microstructure-property relationship in human adult and baby teeth,” Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 145–152, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  9. A. B. Sonju Clasen and I. E. Ruyter, “Quantitative determination of type A and type B carbonate in human deciduous and permanent enamel by means of Fourier transform infrared spectrometry,” Advances in Dental Research, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 523–527, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  10. J. H. Kinney, R. K. Nalla, J. A. Pople, T. M. Breunig, and R. O. Ritchie, “Age-related transparent root dentin: mineral concentration, crystallite size, and mechanical properties,” Biomaterials, vol. 26, no. 16, pp. 3363–3376, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  11. A. E. Porter, R. K. Nalla, A. Minor et al., “A transmission electron microscopy study of mineralization in age-induced transparent dentin,” Biomaterials, vol. 26, no. 36, pp. 7650–7660, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  12. F. R. Tay and D. H. Pashley, “Guided tissue remineralisation of partially demineralised human dentine,” Biomaterials, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 1127–1137, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  13. H. M. Rietveld, “A profile refinement method for nuclear and magnetic structures,” Journal of Applied Crystallography, vol. 2, pp. 65–71, 1969. View at Google Scholar
  14. A. C. Larson and R. B. Von Dreele, “General structure analysis system,” Los Alamos National Laboratory Report, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  15. J. C. Elliot, “Calciun phospate biominerals,” in Phosphates: Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, M. J. Lohn, J. Rakovan, and J. M. Hughes, Eds., vol. 48, pp. 427–453, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  16. C. A. Grove, G. Judd, and G. S. Ansell, “Determination of hydroxyapatite crystallite size in human dental enamel by dark-field electron microscopy,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 22–29, 1972. View at Google Scholar
  17. Th. Leventouri, B. C. Chakoumakos, N. Papanearchou, and V. Perdikatsis, “Comparison of crystal structure parameters of natural and synthetic apatites from neutron powder diffraction,” Journal of Materials Research, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 2600–2606, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  18. H. C. W. Skinner, “Low temperature carbonate phosphate materials or the carbonate apatite problem: a review,” in Origin, Evolution and Modern Aspects of Biomineralization in Plants and Animals, R. E. Crick, Ed., pp. 251–264, Plenum Press, New York, NY, USA, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  19. Th. Leventouri, “Synthetic and biological hydroxyapatites: crystal structure questions,” Biomaterials, vol. 27, no. 18, pp. 3339–3342, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  20. A. Antonakos, E. Liarokapis, and Th. Leventouri, “Micro-Raman and FTIR studies of synthetic and natural apatites,” Biomaterials, vol. 28, no. 19, pp. 3043–3054, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  21. M. Vignoles-Montrejaud, Contibution a 1'etude des apatites carbonate es de type B, These d'Etat, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, Toulouse, France, 1984.
  22. G. Penel, G. Leroy, G. Rey, and G. Bres, “MicroRaman spectral study of the PO4 and CO3 vibrational modes in synthetic and biological apatites,” Calcified Tissue International, vol. 63, pp. 475–481, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  23. P. Tramini, B. Pélissier, J. Valcarcel, B. Bonnet, and L. Maury, “A Raman spectroscopic investigation of dentin and enamel structures modified by lactic acid,” Caries Research, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 233–240, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  24. P. Fattibene, A. Carosi, V. De Coste et al., “A comparative EPR, infrared and Raman study of natural and deproteinated tooth enamel and dentin,” Physics in Medicine and Biology, vol. 50, pp. 1095–1108, 2005. View at Google Scholar