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International Journal of Biomaterials
Volume 2012, Article ID 356817, 6 pages
Review Article

Soft and Hard Tissue Management in Implant Therapy—Part II: Prosthetic Concepts

Institute of Clinical Dentistry, Catholic University of The Sacred Heart, Largo A. Gemelli 8, 00168 Rome, Italy

Received 14 March 2012; Accepted 6 June 2012

Academic Editor: Masaru Yamaguchi

Copyright © 2012 Paolo Francesco Manicone et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The ongoing pursuit of aesthetic excellence in the field of implant therapy has incorporated prosthetic concepts in the early treatment-planning phase, as well as the previously discussed surgical concepts. The literature has addressed these prosthetic and laboratory approaches required to enhance and perfect the soft and hard tissue management (SHTM). After surgically providing an acceptable hard tissue architecture and adequate timing of loading of the implant, the prosthetic phase is responsible for the soft tissue modeling, through correctly planned and executed procedures, which induce a satisfactory soft tissue profile by considering the microvasculature, the abutment connection and positioning, and the implementation of an adequate provisional phase. The objectives are the modeling of the soft tissues through the use of a conforming periorestorative interface which will produce desired and stable results.