International Journal of Cell Biology / 2012 / Article / Fig 3

Review Article

Prostaglandins in Cancer Cell Adhesion, Migration, and Invasion

Figure 3

Basement membrane. The basement membrane underlies the typical cellular epithelium or vascular endothelium and consists of two thin structural layers. One layer is the basal lamina made by epithelial or endothelial cells. The second layer is the reticular lamina made by fibroblasts. Electron microscope data show that the basal lamina consists of a clear lamina lucida next to epithelial cells and an opaque lamina densa. The lamina lucida contains integrins, laminins (1, 5, 6 and 10), and collagen XVII, as well as type IV collagen, and dystroglycans. The lamina densa contains type IV collagen fibers, entactin/nidogen-1, perlecan, and heparan sulfate proteoglycans. The reticular lamina contains collagens I, III, and V and various proteoglycans. Invasion through the basement membrane requires the expression of many different cell surface adhesion receptors and matrix degrading enzymes.
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