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International Journal of Chronic Diseases
Volume 2014, Article ID 413071, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/413071
Research Article

Hypertensive Crisis, Burden, Management, and Outcome at a Tertiary Care Center in Karachi

1Department of Medicine, Stadium Road, Aga Khan University, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi 74800, Pakistan
2Aga Khan University Medical College (AKUMC), Karachi 74800, Pakistan
3Emergency Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi 74800, Pakistan

Received 19 May 2014; Revised 25 July 2014; Accepted 25 July 2014; Published 18 August 2014

Academic Editor: Patrizia Ferroni

Copyright © 2014 Aysha Almas et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. Hypertension, if uncontrolled, can lead to hypertensive crisis. We aim to determine the prevalence of hypertensive crisis, its management, and outcome in patients presenting to a tertiary care center in Karachi. Methods. This was a cross-sectional study conducted at the Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan. Adult inpatients (>18 yrs) presenting to the ER who were known hypertensive and had uncontrolled hypertension were included. Results. Out of 1336 patients, 28.6% (387) had uncontrolled hypertension. The prevalence of hypertensive crisis among uncontrolled hypertensive was 56.3% (218). Per oral calcium channel blocker; 35.4% (137) and intravenous nitrate; 22.7% (88) were the most commonly administered medication in the ER. The mean (SD) drop in SBP in patients with hypertensive crisis on intravenous treatment was 53.1 (29) mm Hg and on per oral treatment was 43 (27) mm Hg. The maximum mean (SD) drop in blood pressure was seen by intravenous sodium nitroprusside; 80 (51) mm Hg in SBP. Acute renal failure was the most common complication with a prevalence of 11.5% (24). Conclusion. The prevalence of hypertensive crisis is high. Per oral calcium channel blocker and intravenous nitrate are the most commonly administered medications in our setup.