International Journal of Chronic Diseases / 2014 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

The Lived Experience of Lupus Flares: Features, Triggers, and Management in an Australian Female Cohort

Table 3

Patient reported flare triggers.

Borderline SLE
ACR 3+1 ()
SLE
ACR 4+
()
All patients
()
Number (%)Number (%)Number (%)

Could you identify any triggers to these events?
 Stress13 (61.9)41 (51.6) 54 (53.5)
 Doing too much/run down9 (42.9)38 (47.5)47 (37.6)
 Sunlight exposure5 (23.8)32 (40)37 (36.6)
 Weather/temperature changes4 (19)16 (20)20 (19.8)
 Overheating5 (23.8)15 (18.8)20 (19.8)
 Infection3 (14.3)13 (16.3)16 (15.8)
 Lack of sleep/insomnia2 (9.5)11 (13.8)13 (12.9)
 Cold temperatures1 (4.8)9 (11.3)10 (9.9)
 Work 2 (9.5)7 (8.8)9 (8.9)
 Being upset3 (14.3)6 (7.5)9 (8.9)
 Strong chemical exposure 4 (19.1)4 (5)8 (7.9)
 Change in medicines2 (9.5)6 (7.5)8 (7.9)
 Fluorescent light exposure1 (4.8)5 (6.3)6 (5.9)
 Foods (spicy, bread)3 (14.3)3 (3.8)6 (5.9)
 Hormonal periods5 (6.3)5 (5)

Note: Other triggers reported in small numbers were dehydration, alcohol, long car journeys, inactivity, Christmas, gardening, allergic reaction, isolation, smoking, grandchildren, air conditioning, excitement, late night, and partying hard.

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