Table 3: The relationship between the complications in diabetic patients and H. pylori positivity.

Variables Total
DM
H. pylori (+) subjects H. pylori (−) subjects value

Nephropathy
 Yes*2321 (91.3%)2 (8.7%)<0.05
 No3919 (48.7%)20 (51.3%)
Neuropathy
 Yes*2924 (82.8%)5 (18.2%)<0.05
 No3316 (48.4%)17 (51.6%)
Retinopathy
 Yes2014 (70%)6 (30%) NS
 No4224 (57.1%)18 (42.9%)
HbA1C
 6-7*3316 (48.5%)17 (51.5%)<0.05
 7-82924 (82.8%)5 (17.2%)

*Significant variables.