Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Chronic Diseases
Volume 2016, Article ID 5428581, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5428581
Research Article

An Innovative Approach to Evaluate the Morphological Patterns of Soft Palate in Oral Submucous Fibrosis Patients: A Digital Cephalometric Study

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Drs. Sudha & Nageswara Rao Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Gannavaram Mandal, Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh 521286, India

Received 26 June 2015; Accepted 22 February 2016

Academic Editor: Jens Klotsche

Copyright © 2016 Chintamaneni Raja Lakshmi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. You, X. Li, H. Wang et al., “Morphological variety of the soft palate in normal individuals: a digital cephalometric study,” Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 344–349, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. L. Moore and A. M. R. Agur, Eds., Essential Clinical Anatomy, Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2nd edition, 2002.
  3. D. F. Johns, R. J. Rohrich, and M. Awada, “Velopharyngeal incompetence: a guide for clinical evaluation,” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 112, no. 7, pp. 1890–1898, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Š. Bejdová, V. Krajíček, M. Peterka, P. Trefný, and J. Velemínská, “Variability in palatal shape and size in patients with bilateral complete cleft lip and palate assessed using dense surface model construction and 3D geometric morphometrics,” Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 201–208, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. K. Shimomatsu, E. Nozoe, K. Ishihata, T. Okawachi, and N. Nakamura, “Three-dimensional analyses of facial soft tissue configuration of Japanese females with jaw deformity—a trial of polygonal view of facial soft tissue deformity in orthognathic patients,” Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 559–567, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. J. Pindborg and S. M. Sirsat, “Oral submucous fibrosis,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 764–779, 1966. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. Gupta, M. Gupta, and B. Golher, “Oral submucous fibrosis: clinical study and management by physiofibrolysis,” Journal of Indian Dental Association, vol. 52, pp. 375–378, 1980. View at Google Scholar
  8. I. Kollias and O. Krogstad, “Adult craniofacial and pharyngeal changes—a longitudinal cephalometric study between 22 and 42 years of age. Part II: morphological uvulo-glossopharyngeal changes,” European Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 345–355, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. A. Bitar, A. T. Macari, and J. G. Ghafari, “Correspondence between subjective and linear measurements of the palatal airway on lateral cephalometric radiographs,” Archives of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, vol. 136, no. 1, pp. 43–47, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. T. E. Nelson, J. B. Mulliken, and B. L. Padwa, “Effect of midfacial distraction on the obstructed airway in patients with syndromic bilateral coronal synostosis,” Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 66, no. 11, pp. 2318–2321, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. Tanwir and H. Akhlaq, “Oral submucous fibrosis: a chronic deliberating disease of oral cavity,” Iranian Journal of Pathology, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 165–172, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. W. M. Tilakaratne, M. F. Klinikowski, T. Saku, T. J. Peters, and S. Warnakulasuriya, “Oral submucous fibrosis: review on aetiology and pathogenesis,” Oral Oncology, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 561–568, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. V. N. Shankar, K. Hegde, N. S. Ashwini, V. Praveena, and S. M. Ravi Prakash, “Morphometric evaluation of soft palate in oral submucous fibrosis—a digital cephalometric study,” Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 48–52, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. N. Praveen, S. Amrutesh, S. Pal, A. K. Shubashini, and S. Vaseemuddin, “Various shapes of soft palate. A lateral cephalometric study,” World Journal of Dentistry, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 207–210, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. D. K. Kumar and K. S. Gopal, “Morphological variants of soft palate in normal individuals: a digital cephalometric study,” Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 1310–1313, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. P. Verma, K. G. Verma, K. L. Kumaraswam, S. Basavaraju, S. K. Sachdeva, and S. Juneja, “Correlation of morphological variants of the soft palate and need's ratio in normal individuals—a digital cephalometric study,” Imaging Science in Dentistry, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 193–198, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. P. Mohan, S. Verma, U. Singh, and N. Agarwal, “Morphometric evaluation of soft palate in oral submucous fibrosis—a digital cephalometric analysis,” West African Journal of Radiology, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 7–11, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. J. L. D. Pépin, D. Veale, G. R. Ferretti, P. Mayer, and P. A. Levy, “Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: hooked appearance of the soft palate in awake patients—cephalometric and CT findings,” Radiology, vol. 210, no. 1, pp. 163–170, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus