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International Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 2009 (2009), Article ID 569825, 12 pages
Review Article

Dust Explosion Prevention and Mitigation, Status and Developments in Basic Knowledge and in Practical Application

1Department of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen, Allegaten 55, N-5007 Bergen, Norway
2Tyréns AB, 205 19 Malmö, Sweden

Received 23 January 2009; Accepted 23 March 2009

Academic Editor: Mostafa Barigou

Copyright © 2009 Rolf K. Eckhoff. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Right from the early days of the process industries, continuous efforts have been made to develop and improve measures for prevention and mitigation of dust explosions in these industries. Nevertheless this hazard continues to threaten industries that manufacture, use and/or handle powders and dusts of a wide range of combustible materials. To improve methods for predicting explosion development in real industrial plant has been one major challenge. Hence, during the last years comprehensive numerical simulation codes, for addressing this problem, have been developed. Progress has also been made in other areas, for example, ignition source prevention. The importance of adopting inherently safer process design, by building on firm knowledge in powder science and technology, and of systematic education/training of personnel, is also emphasized.