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International Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 2009, Article ID 619873, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/619873
Research Article

Biofouling Control in Cooling Water

School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK

Received 25 December 2008; Accepted 17 February 2009

Academic Editor: Eugénio C. Ferreira

Copyright © 2009 T. Reg Bott. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

An important aspect of environmental engineering is the control of greenhouse gas emissions. Fossil fuel-fired power stations, for instance, represent a substantial contribution to this problem. Unless suitable steps are taken the accumulation of microbial deposits (biofouling) on the cooling water side of the steam condensers can reduce their efficiency and in consequence, the overall efficiency of power production, with an attendant increase in fuel consumption and hence production. Biofouling control, therefore, is extremely important and can be exercised by chemical or physical techniques or a combination of both. The paper gives some examples of the effectiveness of different approaches to biofouling control.