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International Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 545234, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/545234
Research Article

A Large-Scale Synthesis and Characterization of Quaternary CuInxGa1xS2 Chalcopyrite Nanoparticles via Microwave Batch Reactions

1Department of Chemistry, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID 83209, USA
2Department of Chemistry, Northwest Nazarene University, Nampa, ID 83686 , USA
3Department of Physics, Boise State University, Boise, ID 83725 , USA

Received 29 March 2011; Accepted 9 August 2011

Academic Editor: Deepak Kunzru

Copyright © 2011 Chivin Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Various quaternary CuInxGa1xS2 (0x1) chalcopyrite nanoparticles have been prepared from molecular single-source precursors via microwave decomposition. We were able to control the nanoparticle size, phase, stoichiometry, and solubility. Depending on the choice of surface modifiers used, we were able to tune the solubility of the resulting nanoparticles. This method has been used to generate up to 5 g of nanoparticles and up to 150 g from multiple batch reactions with excellent reproducibility. Data from UV-Vis, photoluminescence, X-ray diffraction, TEM, DSC/TGA-MS, and ICP-OES analyses have shown high reproducibility in nanoparticle size, composition, and bandgap.