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International Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 2012, Article ID 607219, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/607219
Research Article

High-Added Value Materials Production from OMW: A Technical and Economical Optimization

1Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes, Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas (FORTH/ICE-HT), Stadiou Street, Platani, 26504 Patras, Greece
2Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Patras, 26504 Patras, Greece
3Department of Environmental & Natural Resources Management, University of Western Greece, 30100 Agrinio, Greece

Received 17 October 2011; Revised 3 February 2012; Accepted 6 February 2012

Academic Editor: Licínio M. Gando-Ferreira

Copyright © 2012 E. C. Arvaniti et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The extraction of olive oil generates huge quantities of solids and of high organic wastewaters with toxic constituents that have a great impact on land and water environments. Based on a membrane process, authors proposed an alternative method for treatment of olive mill wastewaters (OMWs). In the present paper, a technoeconomic analysis for the implementation of the proposed method in the entire Region of Western Greece (RWG) is presented. This paper takes into account fixed and operational costs, costs for the infrastructure, equipment, land, maintenance, and so forth, considering the treatment of 50,000 tons per harvesting period in the area of RWG. The study showed that the establishment of only one central treatment manufacture could reduce the uncontrolled disposal of OMW. Exploitation of the isolated fractions as manure in fertilizers (nutrients components) or as components in ecological herbicides (phenolics) can depreciate the total cost in a period of about five years.