Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 8745943, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8745943
Research Article

Pilot-Scale Investigation of Forward/Reverse Osmosis Hybrid System for Seawater Desalination Using Impaired Water from Steel Industry

Chemical Engineering and Pilot-Plant Department, National Research Center, Cairo 12622, Egypt

Received 28 October 2015; Accepted 16 February 2016

Academic Editor: Jean-Pierre Corriou

Copyright © 2016 Hanaa M. Ali et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. L. Prante, J. A. Ruskowitz, A. E. Childress, and A. Achilli, “RO-PRO desalination: an integrated low-energy approach to seawater desalination,” Applied Energy, vol. 120, pp. 104–114, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. Phuntsho, S. Sahebi, T. Majeed, F. Lotfi, J. E. Kim, and H. K. Shon, “Assessing the major factors affecting the performances of forward osmosis and its implications on the desalination process,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 231, pp. 484–496, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Altaee, G. Zaragoza, and H. R. van Tonningen, “Comparison between Forward Osmosis-Reverse Osmosis and Reverse Osmosis processes for seawater desalination,” Desalination, vol. 336, no. 1, pp. 50–57, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. Y. Kim, B. Gu, J. Ha Kim, and D. Ryook Yang, “Theoretical analysis of a seawater desalination process integrating forward osmosis, crystallization, and reverse osmosis,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 444, pp. 440–448, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Phuntsho, S. Hong, M. Elimelech, and H. K. Shon, “Forward osmosis desalination of brackish groundwater: meeting water quality requirements for fertigation by integrating nanofiltration,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 436, pp. 1–15, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Altaee, A. Mabrouk, and K. Bourouni, “A novel forward osmosis membrane pretreatment of seawater for thermal desalination processes,” Desalination, vol. 326, pp. 19–29, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. M. Xie, L. D. Nghiem, W. E. Price, and M. Elimelech, “Relating rejection of trace organic contaminants to membrane properties in forward osmosis: measurements, modelling and implications,” Water Research, vol. 49, pp. 265–274, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. F.-X. Kong, H.-W. Yang, X.-M. Wang, and Y. F. Xie, “Rejection of nine haloacetic acids and coupled reverse draw solute permeation in forward osmosis,” Desalination, vol. 341, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. Lutchmiah, A. R. D. Verliefde, K. Roest, L. C. Rietveld, and E. R. Cornelissen, “Forward osmosis for application in wastewater treatment: a review,” Water Research, vol. 58, pp. 179–197, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. D. Raval and P. Koradiya, “Direct fertigation with brackish water by a forward osmosis system converting domestic reverse osmosis module into forward osmosis membrane element,” Desalination and Water Treatment, vol. 336, pp. 1–8, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. A. Bennett, “Desalination and water reuse: what’s the future for forward osmosis?” Desalination Report, Filtration + Separation, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  12. Y. Cha, “Korea's Smart Water Grid and hybrid desalination technology,” 2014, http://www.rvo.nl/onderwerpen/innovatief-ondernemen/topsectoren/ia-netwerk.
  13. H. Gadallah, H. M. Ali, S. S. Ali, R. Sabry, and A. Gadallah, “Application of forward/reverse osmosis hybrid system for seawater desalination using impaired water from steel industry, part (1): FO performance,” European Journal of Scientific Research, vol. 126, no. 2, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  14. S. Zhao, L. Zou, and D. Mulcahy, “Brackish water desalination by a hybrid forward osmosis-nanofiltration system using divalent draw solute,” Desalination, vol. 284, pp. 175–181, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. G. Blandin, A. R. D. Verliefde, C. Y. Tang, A. E. Childress, and P. Le-Clech, “Validation of assisted forward osmosis (AFO) process: impact of hydraulic pressure,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 447, pp. 1–11, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. V. Linares, V. Yangali-Quintanilla, Z. Li, and G. Amy, “Rejection of micropollutants by clean and fouled forward osmosis membrane,” Water Research, vol. 45, no. 20, pp. 6737–6744, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. T. Y. Cath, J. E. Drewes, C. D. Lundin, and N. T. Hancock, “Forward osmosis—reverse osmosis process offers a novel hybrid solution for water purification and reuse,” IDA Journal of Desalination and Water Reuse, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 16–20, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. B. Gajda and M. B. Bogacki, “The application of polymer inclusive membranes for removal of heavy metal ions from waste solutions,” Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 673–678, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  19. J. S. Park, S. K. Kim, and K. H. Lee, “Effect of ZnCl2 on formation of asymmetric PEI membrane by phase inversion process,” Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 93–99, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  20. White Paper, Water Reuse Association Desalination Committee, Seawater Desalination Power Consumption, November 2011.
  21. B. Mi and M. Elimelech, “Chemical and physical aspects of organic fouling of forward osmosis membranes,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 320, no. 1-2, pp. 292–302, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Y. Chun, S.-J. Kim, G. J. Millar, D. Mulcahy, I. S. Kim, and L. Zou, “Forward osmosis as a pre-treatment for treating coal seam gas associated water: flux and fouling behaviours,” Desalination, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. R. Sabry, A. G. Gadallah, S. S. Ali, H. M. Ali, and H. Gadallah, “Application of forward/reverse osmosis hybrid system for brackish water desalination using El-Salam canal water, Sinai, Egypt, part (2): pilot scale investigation,” International Journal of ChemTech Research, vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 102–112, 2015. View at Google Scholar