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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 597251, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/597251
Clinical Study

Oral Health Status of Children Living in Gorom-Gorom, Oudalan District, Burkina Faso

1Department of Odontontostomatology, Orthodontics and Surgery, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy
2WHO Collaborating Centre for Epidemiology and Community Dentistry, Milan, Italy
3Dental Institute, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
4Global Oral Health Programme, Department of Chronic Disease and Health Promotion, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Received 15 January 2010; Revised 15 March 2010; Accepted 30 March 2010

Academic Editor: Jasim M. Albandar

Copyright © 2010 Clelia Mazza et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. In order to set up the needs for intervention and to plan oral health prevention and care programmes, this paper aims to describe the oral health status and behaviour in children living in the municipality of Gorom-Gorom, Burkina Faso. Design. The sample size was 692 children, 334 females (48.3%) and 358 males (51.7%). Clinical and oral health related behaviours were collected. Results. 83.4% of the children were caries-free. Fluorosis was recorded in 41.3% of the sample, while only 37.9% of children showed healthy gingival condition. Toothbrushing was reported by 35.7% of children. A statistically significant association was found between caries experience and cleanliness of hands. Community Periodontal Index was statistically associated to toothbrushing and chewingstick use. Conclusion. As suggested by WHO's global strategies, integrated primary oral health care and services meeting the dental needs of the local population are necessary for children living in this area of Africa.