Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2011, Article ID 167525, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/167525
Research Article

A Clinical Study of the Effectiveness of Two Different 10% Carbamide Peroxide Bleaching Products: A 6-Month Followup

Oral and Dental Research Institute, Faculty of Dentistry, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X1, Tygerberg 7505, Cape Town, South Africa

Received 30 September 2010; Revised 2 March 2011; Accepted 6 March 2011

Academic Editor: A. D. Loguercio

Copyright © 2011 S. R. Grobler et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Joiner, “The bleaching of teeth: a review of the literature,” Journal of Dentistry, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 412–419, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. O. Heymann, “Tooth whitening: facts and fallacies,” British Dental Journal, vol. 198, no. 8, p. 514, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B. A. Matis, M. A. Cochran, and G. Eckert, “Review of the effectiveness of various tooth whitening systems,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 230–235, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. V. A. De La Peña and O. B. Cabrita, “Comparison of the clinical efficacy and safety of carbamide peroxide and hydrogen peroxide in at-home bleaching gels,” Quintessence International, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 551–556, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. V. B. Haywood and H. O. Heymann, “Nightguard vital bleaching: how safe is it?” Quintessence international, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 515–523, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. V. B. Haywood, “History, safety, and effectiveness of current bleaching techniques and applications of the nightguard vital bleaching technique,” Quintessence international, vol. 23, no. 7, pp. 471–488, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. C. dos Santos Medeiros and K. C. de Lima, “Effectiveness of nightguard vital bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide—a clinical study,” Journal of the Canadian Dental Association, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 163–163, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. E. J. Swift Jr., K. N. May Jr., A. D. Wilder Jr., H. O. Heymann, and S. C. Bayne, “Two-year clinical evaluation of tooth whitening using an at-home bleaching system,” Journal of Esthetic Dentistry, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 36–42, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. H. Leonard Jr., C. Bentley, J. C. Eagle, G. E. Garland, M. C. Knight, and C. Phillips, “Nightguard vital bleaching: a long-term study on efficacy, shade retention. side effects, and patients' perceptions,” Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 357–369, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. V. Ritter, R. H. Leonard Jr., A. J. St Georges, D. J. Caplan, and V. B. Haywood, “Safety and stability of nightguard vital bleaching: 9 To 12 years post-treatment,” Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 275–285, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. G. R. Mokhlis, B. A. Matis, M. A. Cochran, and G. J. Eckert, “A clinical evaluation of carbamide peroxide and hydrogen peroxide whitening agents during daytime use,” Journal of the American Dental Association, vol. 131, no. 9, pp. 1269–1277, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. R. Grobler, R. Hayward, S. Wiese, M. H. Moola, and T. J. van W Kotze, “Spectrophotometric assessment of the effectiveness of Opalescence PF 10%: a 14-month clinical study,” Journal of Dentistry, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 113–117, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. Tam, “Clinical trial of three 10% carbamide peroxide bleaching products,” Journal of the Canadian Dental Association, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 201–205, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. S. Meireles, I. S. Santos, A. D. Bona, and F. F. Demarco, “A double-blind randomized clinical trial of two carbamide peroxide tooth bleaching agents: 2-year follow-up,” Journal of Dentistry, vol. 38, no. 12, pp. 956–963, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. B. A. Matis, M. A. Cochran, G. Eckert, and T. J. Carlson, “The efficacy and safety of a 10% carbamide peroxide bleaching gel,” Quintessence International, vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 555–563, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. Niederman, M. C. Tantraphol, P. Slinin, C. Hayes, and S. Conway, “Effectiveness of dentist-prescribed, home-applied tooth whitening. A meta analysis,” The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 20–36, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. V. B. Haywood and R. H. Leonard, “Nightguard vital bleaching removes brown discoloration for 7 years: a case report,” Quintessence International, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 450–451, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. D. A. N. L. Lima, F. H. B. Aguiar, P. C. S. Liporoni, E. Munin, G. M. B. Ambrosano, and J. R. Lovadino, “In vitro evaluation of the effectiveness of bleaching agents activated by different light sources,” Journal of Prosthodontics, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 249–254, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Ishikawa-Nagai, T. Terui, K. Ishibashi, H. P. Weber, and M. Ferguson, “Comparison of effectiveness of two 10% carbamide peroxide tooth-bleaching systems using spectrophotometric measurements,” Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 368–375, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. M. Kielbassa, N. J. Beheim-Schwarzbach, K. Neumann, R. nat, and C. Zantner, “In vitro comparison of visual and computer-aided pre- and post-tooth shade determination using various home bleaching procedures,” Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, vol. 101, no. 2, pp. 92–100, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. F. V. Derdilopoulou, C. Zantner, K. Neumann, and A. M. Kielbassa, “Evaluation of visual and spectrophotometric shade analyses: a clinical comparison of 3,758 teeth,” International Journal of Prosthodontics, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 414–416, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. B. A. Matis, M. A. Cochran, G. J. Eckert, and J. I. Matis, “In vivo study of two carbamide peroxide gels with different desensitizing agents,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 549–555, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. H. P. Chen, C. H. Chang, J. K. Liu, S. F. Chuang, and J. Y. Yang, “Effect of fluoride containing bleaching agents on enamel surface properties,” Journal of Dentistry, vol. 36, no. 9, pp. 718–725, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. Minolta, Precise Color Communication, Minolta, Co., Osaka, Japan, 1994.
  25. M. Bizhang, Y. H. P. Chun, K. Damerau, P. Singh, W. H. M. Raab, and S. Zimmer, “Comparative clinical study of the effectiveness of three different bleaching methods,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 635–641, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. S. Meireles, S. S. Heckmann, I. S. Santos, A. Della Bona, and F. F. Demarco, “A double blind randomized clinical trial of at-home tooth bleaching using two carbamide peroxide concentrations: 6-month follow-up,” Journal of Dentistry, vol. 36, no. 11, pp. 878–884, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. S. Meireles, S. S. Heckmann, F. L. Leida, I. S. Santos, Á. Della Bona, and F. F. Demarco, “Efficacy and safety of 10% and 16% carbamide peroxide tooth-whitening gels: a randomized clinical trial,” Operative Dentistry, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 606–612, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. S. Meireles, I. Da Silva Dos Santos, Á. Delia Bona, and F. F. Demarco, “A double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial of 10 percent versus 16 percent carbamide peroxide tooth-bleaching agents,” Journal of the American Dental Association, vol. 140, no. 9, pp. 1109–1117, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. D. H. Goo, T. Y. Kwon, S. H. Nam, H. J. Kim, K. H. Kim, and Y. J. Kim, “The efficiency of 10% carbamide peroxide gel on dental enamel,” Dental Materials Journal, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 522–527, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. Deliperi and D. N. Bardwell, “Two-year clinical evaluation of nonvital tooth whitening and resin composite restorations,” Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 369–378, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus