International Journal of Dentistry / 2011 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Knowledge, Awareness, and Attitudes about Research Ethics among Dental Faculty in the Middle East: A Pilot Study

Table 1

Demographics of respondents from King Abdulaziz University and Ain Shams University+. Association of gender and academic position with prior research experience and prior ethics training ( 𝑛 = 1 2 5 ).
(a)

CharacteristicKing Abdul-Aziz ( 𝑛 = 7 5 ) n (%)Ain Shams ( 𝑛 = 5 0 ) 𝑛 (%)Total
( 𝑛 = 1 2 5 ) 𝑛 (%)

Gender
 Men32 (43.8)22 (44.0)54 (43.2)
 Women41 (56.2)28 (56.0)69 (55.2)
Academic position
 Professor24 (32.0)15 (30.0)39 (31.2)
 Mid-level28 (37.3)12 (24.0)40 (32.0)
 Junior23 (30.7)23 (46.0)46 (36.8)
Prior involvement with research
 Prior research experience51 (68.0)38 (76.0)89 (71.2)
  Research involving human subjects48 (65.8)34 (68.0)82 (66.7)
  Research involving biological samples33 (45.2)21 (42.0)54 (43.9)
 No prior research involving human subjects/samples22 (32.0)12 (24.0)34 (27.2)
Prior training in research ethics
 Prior training (either workshop/course or both)29 (38.7)17 (34.0)46 (36.8)
 No prior training46 (61.3)33 (66.0)79 (63.2)

+ numbers may not add to 100% due to some individuals declining to answer the question.
(b)

ItemAggregateGenderAcademic position
MenWomenProfMid-levelJunior

Prior research experience (% of faculty)71.285.2**61.270.375.071.7
Number of projects/faculty (mean)5.26 7.56**3.31 8.34**5.972.61
Prior ethics training (% of faculty)36.838.936.228.257.5**26.1

𝑃 < . 0 5 ; 𝑃 < . 0 1 .

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