Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Erratum

An erratum for this article has been published. To view the erratum, please click here.

International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 351793, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/351793
Clinical Study

Short Implants in Partially Edentulous Maxillae and Mandibles: A 10 to 20 Years Retrospective Evaluation

1Department of Prosthodontics, S. Paul Hospital Dental Clinic, School of Dentistry, University of Milan, 20142 Milano, Italy
2Department of Implant Dentistry, Padova University Institute of Clinical Dentistry, 35020 Padova, Italy
3Chairman Department of Implant Dentistry, S. Paul Hospital Dental Clinic, School of Dentistry, University of Milan, 20142 Milano, Italy

Received 9 March 2012; Accepted 6 May 2012

Academic Editor: Ozgur Pektas

Copyright © 2012 Diego Lops et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. Evaluation of the short implant (8 mm in height) long-term prognosis and of the implant site influence on the prognosis. Methods. A longitudinal study was carried out on 121 patients (57 males and 64 females) consecutively treated with 257 implants. 108 implants were short. Results. Four (3.6%) short implants supporting fixed partial prostheses failed. Similarly, three standard implants supporting fixed partial prostheses and one supporting single-crown prosthesis failed. Mean marginal bone loss (MBL) and probing depth (PD) of short and standard implants were statistically comparable (P>.05). The 20-year cumulative survival rates of short and standard implants were 92.3 and 95.9%, respectively. The cumulative success rates were 78.3 and 81.4%. The survival rates of short implants in posterior and anterior regions were comparable: 95 and 96.4%, respectively. The difference between survival rates was not significant (P>.05). Conclusions. The high reliability of short implants in supporting fixed prostheses was confirmed. Short and standard implants long-term prognoses were not significantly different. The prognosis of short implants in posterior regions was comparable to that of in anterior regions. Nevertheless, a larger sample is required to confirm this trend.