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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 896381, 4 pages
Clinical Study

Pain during Removal of Carious Lesions in Children: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

1Pediatric Dentistry, University Nove de Julho (UNINOVE), São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2Rehabilitation Sciences Post Graduation Program, University Nove de Julho (UNINOVE), Rua Vergueiro, 235/249, Liberdade, 01504-001 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
3Bauru School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Bauru, SP, Brazil
4Dental Clinic Post Graduation Program, University Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niterói, RJ, Brazil

Received 5 May 2013; Revised 29 September 2013; Accepted 13 November 2013

Academic Editor: Athena Papas

Copyright © 2013 Lara Jansiski Motta et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of the present study was to assess pain and the need for anesthesia during chemomechanical caries removal with Papacarie gel and the traditional method (low-speed bur) in pediatric patients. A randomized, controlled, clinical trial with a “split-mouth” design was carried out involving 20 children (10 girls and 10 boys) aged four to seven years. Forty primary teeth (two per child) were randomly allocated to either Group 1 (G1: chemomechanical caries removal with Papacarie gel) or Group 2 (G2: removal of carious dentin with low-speed bur). A face scale was used to classify the sensation of pain during the procedure (1: absence of pain; 2: mild pain; 3: moderate pain; 4: moderately intense pain; 5: intense pain; and 6: extremely intense pain). Statistical analysis of the data was performed using the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney ( ) test. Pain scores were higher in G2, with statistically significant differences in comparison to G1 ( ; ; ). Chemomechanical caries removal with Papacarie provides a lesser degree of pain in comparison to conventional caries removal and does not require the use of local anesthesia. The clinical trial registration number is NCT01811420.