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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 982071, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/982071
Research Article

Impact of an Anticaries Mouthrinse on In Vitro Remineralization and Microbial Control

1Johnson & Johnson Consumer & Personal Product Worldwide, Skillman, NJ, USA
2Dental Product Testing, Therametric Technologies, Inc., 9880 Douglas Floyd Parkway, Noblesville, IN, USA

Received 4 July 2013; Revised 9 September 2013; Accepted 15 September 2013; Published 6 February 2014

Academic Editor: Adriana Modesto Vieira

Copyright © 2014 Frank C. Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The objective of this research was to evaluate the caries control potential of a new fluoride mouthrinse that also contained antimicrobial agents and a biofilm disrupting agent using different in vitro models. Methods. Four in vitro studies were conducted to assess the performance of this three pronged approach to caries control: (1) traditional enamel fluoride uptake, (2) surface microhardness study using pH cycling model and subsequent fluoride uptake, (3) a salivary biofilm flow-through study to determine the anti-microbial activity, and (4) a single species biofilm model measuring effect on biofilm matrix disruption. Results. The data showed that a LISTERINE rinse with fluoride, essential oils and xylitol was superior in promoting enamel fluoride uptake and in enhancing antimicrobial activity over traditional commercially available fluoridated products. An increase of the surface microhardness was observed when the LISTERINE rinse was used in combination with fluoridated toothpaste versus the fluoridated toothpaste alone. Finally, it was demonstrated that xylitol solutions disrupted and reduced the biovolume of biofilm matrix of mature Streptococcus mutans. Conclusion. These in vitro studies demonstrated that a fluoride mouthrinse with antimicrobial agent and biofilm matrix disrupting agent provided multifaceted and enhanced anti-caries efficacy by promoting remineralization, reducing acidogenic bacteria and disrupting biofilm matrix.