Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 982071, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/982071
Research Article

Impact of an Anticaries Mouthrinse on In Vitro Remineralization and Microbial Control

1Johnson & Johnson Consumer & Personal Product Worldwide, Skillman, NJ, USA
2Dental Product Testing, Therametric Technologies, Inc., 9880 Douglas Floyd Parkway, Noblesville, IN, USA

Received 4 July 2013; Revised 9 September 2013; Accepted 15 September 2013; Published 6 February 2014

Academic Editor: Adriana Modesto Vieira

Copyright © 2014 Frank C. Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. V. C. Marinho, J. P. Higgins, A. Sheiham, and S. Logan, “Combinations of topical fluoride (toothpastes, mouthrinses, gels, varnishes) versus single topical fluoride for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 1, Article ID CD002781, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. “Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental caries in the United States,” Recommendations and Reports, vol. 50, no. 14, pp. 1–42, 2001.
  3. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Call to Action to Promote Oral Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Rockville, Md, USA, 2003.
  4. J. M. Ten Cate, “International conference on novel anti-caries and remineralizing agents,” Advances in Dental Research, vol. 21, no. 1, p. 3, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. E. C. Reynolds, “Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate: the scientific evidence,” Advances in Dental Research, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 25–29, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. T. Zero, “Recaldent: evidence for Clinical Activity,” Advances in Dental Research, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 30–34, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  7. A. K. Burwell, L. J. Litkowski, and D. C. Greenspan, “Calcium sodium phosphosilicate (NovaMin): remineralization potential,” Advances in Dental Research, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 35–39, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. S. Wefel, “NovaMin: likely clinical success,” Advances in Dental Research, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 40–43, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  9. P. Milgrom, K. A. Ly, and M. Rothen, “Xylitol and its vehicles for public health needs,” Advances in Dental Research, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 44–47, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. M. Ten Cate, “Novel anticaries and remineralization agents: prospects for the future,” Advances in Dental Research, vol. 91, no. 9, pp. 813–815, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  11. J. M. Ten Cate and E. Zaura, “The numerous microbial species in oral biofilms: how could antibacterial therapy be effective?” Advances in Dental Research, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 108–111, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  12. “Guideline on Xylitol use in caries prevention,” Pediatric Dentistry, vol. 34, no. 6, p. 166.
  13. M. Fontanta and C. González-Cabezas, “Are we ready for definitive clinical guidelines on xylitol/polyol use?” Advances in Dental Research, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 123–128, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  14. M. Maltz and D. Beighton, “Multidisplinary research agenda for novel antimicrobial agents for caries prevention and treatment,” Advances in Dental Research, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 133–136, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  15. J. D. B. Featherstone, “Prevention and reversal of dental caries: role of low level fluoride,” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 31–40, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. T. Koulourides, “Summary of session II: fluoride and the caries process,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 69, p. 558, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. C. Chow, “Tooth-bound fluoride and dental caries,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 69, supplement, pp. 595–600, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. Thylstrup, “Clinical evidence of the role of pre-eruptive fluoride in caries prevention,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 69, supplement, pp. 742–750, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. I. R. Hamilton, “Biochemical effects of fluoride on oral bacteria,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 69, pp. 660–667, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. N. B. Arweiler, G. Henning, E. Reich, and L. Netuschil, “Effect of an amine-fluoride-triclosan mouthrinse on plaque regrowth and biofilm vitality,” Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 358–363, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Bizhang, R. Seemann, G. Römhild et al., “Effect of a 40% chlorhexidine varnish on demineralization of dentin surfaces in situ,” The American Journal of Dentistry, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 193–197, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. C. Roberts, C. A. Riedy, S. E. Coldwell et al., “How xylitol-containing products affect cariogenic bacteria,” Journal of the American Dental Association, vol. 133, no. 4, pp. 435–441, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. U.S. Food and Drug Administration and Department of Health and Human Services, Title 21: food and drugs, Fed Regist 21 CFR 310, 355, 369, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, USA, 2003.
  24. D. Ricci-Nittel and T. Fourre, “Evaluation of antimicrobial mouthrinse using a microplate-based flow-through biofilm model,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 87, supplement B, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  25. H. Koo, J. Xiao, M. I. Klein, and J. G. Jeon, “Exopolysaccharides produced by Streptococcus mutans glucosyltransferases modulate the establishment of microcolonies within multispecies biofilms,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 192, no. 12, pp. 3024–3032, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. V. C. Marinho, J. P. Higgins, A. Sheiham, and S. Logan, “Fluoride toothpastes for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 1, Article ID CD002278, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. Twetman, L. G. Petersson, S. Axelsson et al., “Caries-preventive effect of sodium fluoride mouthrinses: a systematic review of controlled clinical trials,” Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 223–230, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  28. M. S. Duggal, H. S. Chawla, and M. E. J. Curzon, “A study of the relationship between trace elements in saliva and dental caries in children,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 881–884, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. K. J. Toumba and M. E. J. Curzon, “Fluoride concentrations in saliva related to dental caries prevalence in primary teeth,” European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 2, pp. 15–19, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  30. R. M. Duckworth, C. Horay, E. Huntington, and V. Mehta, “Effects of flossing and rinsing with a fluoridated mouthwash after brushing with a fluoridated toothpaste on salivary fluoride clearance,” Caries Research, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 387–390, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. R. M. Duckworth, A. Maguire, N. Omid, I. N. Steen, G. I. McCracken, and F. V. Zohoori, “Effect of rinsing with mouthwashes after brushing with a fluoridated toothpaste on salivary fluoride concentration,” Caries Research, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 391–396, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J. Ekstrand and A. Oliveby, “Fluoride in the oral environment,” Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 330–333, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. B. Melsen and G. Rolla, “Reduced clinical effect of monofluorophosphate in the presence of sodium lauryl sulphate,” Caries Research, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 549–553, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. R. V. Faller, K. Casey, and J. Amburgey, “Anticaries potential of commercial fluoride rinses as determined by fluoridation and remineralization efficiency,” Journal of Clinical Dentistry, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 29–35, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. G. P. Moi, L. M. A. Tenuta, and J. A. Cury, “Anticaries potential of a fluoride mouthrinse evaluated in vitro by validated protocols,” Brazilian Dental Journal, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 91–96, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. G. L. Vogel, “Oral fluoride reservoirs and the prevention of dental caries,” Monographs in Oral Science, vol. 22, pp. 146–157, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. V. C. Marinho, “Cochrane reviews of randomized trials of fluoride therapies for preventing dental caries,” European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 183–191, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. V. C. Marinho, J. P. Higgins, A. Sheiham, and S. Logan, “One topical fluoride (toothpastes, or mouthrinses, or gels, or varnishes) versus another for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 1, Article ID CD002780, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. G. K. Stookey, J. D. B. Featherstone, M. Rapozo-Hilo et al., “The Featherstone laboratory pH cycling model: a prospective, multi-site validation exercise,” The American Journal of Dentistry, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 322–328, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. D. J. White, “The application of in vitro models to research on demineralization and remineralization of the teeth,” Advances in Dental Research, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 175–193, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. C. S. Queiroz, A. T. Hara, A. F. Paes Leme, and J. A. Cury, “pH-Cycling models to evaluate the effect of low fluoride dentifrice on enamel De- and remineralization,” Brazilian Dental Journal, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 21–27, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. A. E. de Mello Vieira, A. C. Botazzo Delbem, K. T. Sassaki, E. Rodrigues, J. A. Cury, and R. F. Cunha, “Fluoride dose response in pH-cycling models using bovine enamel,” Caries Research, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 514–520, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. M. A. Buzalaf, A. R. Hannas, and M. T. Kato, “Saliva and dental erosion,” Journal of Applied Oral Science, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 493–502, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  44. P. C. Pan, S. Harper, D. Ricci-Nittel, R. Lux, and W. Shi, “In-vitro evidence for efficacy of antimicrobial mouthrinses,” Journal of Dentistry, vol. 38, supplement 1, pp. S16–S20, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. S. Mickenautsch and V. Yengopal, “Anticariogenic effect of xylitol versus fluoride: a quantitative systematic review of clinical trials,” International Dental Journal, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 6–20, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. L. Trahan, S. Néron, and M. Bareil, “Intracellular xylitol-phosphate hydrolysis and efflux of xylitol in Streptococcus sobrinus,” Oral Microbiology and Immunology, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 41–50, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. J. D. B. Featherstone, “Delivery challenges for fluoride, chlorhexidine and xylitol,” BMC Oral Health, vol. 6, supplement1, article S8, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus