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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 4348325, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4348325
Clinical Study

Applicative Characteristics of a New Zirconia Bracket with Multiple Slots

Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Showa University, 2-1-1 Kitasenzoku, Ohta-Ku, Tokyo 145-8515, Japan

Received 26 February 2016; Accepted 5 April 2016

Academic Editor: Francesco Mangano

Copyright © 2016 Koutaro Maki et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We have developed a new orthodontic bracket with three slots with lubricative properties on the working surfaces and proposed a new orthodontic treatment system employing 0.012−0.014-inch Ni-Ti arch wires. We recruited 54 patients, of which 27 received treatment with the new zirconia bracket with multiple slots system (M group), and the others received treatment with standard edge-wise appliances (control group [C group]). We compared the (1) tooth movement rate at the early stage of leveling; (2) changes in the dental arch morphology before and after leveling; and (3) pain caused by orthodontic treatment. Student’s -test was used in all assessments. The tooth movement rate in the maxillomandibular dentition was higher in the M group. The basal arch width, anterior length, and the intercanine width in the maxillary dentition were not significantly different in the two groups; however, the intercanine width in the mandibular dentition was higher in the C group. In assessments of treatment-related pain, the visual analogue pain score was 56.0 mm and 22.6 mm in the C and M groups, respectively. A new zirconia bracket with multiple slots system provided better outcomes with respect to tooth movement rate, treatment period, and postoperative pain, thus indicating its effectiveness over conventional orthodontic systems.