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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2016, Article ID 4723589, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4723589
Review Article

Impact of Orthodontic Treatment on Periodontal Tissues: A Narrative Review of Multidisciplinary Literature

1Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
2UOC Maxillofacial and Dental Surgery, Foundation IRCCS Ca’ Granda Polyclinic, 20142 Milan, Italy

Received 17 July 2015; Revised 7 December 2015; Accepted 13 December 2015

Academic Editor: Andreas Stavropoulos

Copyright © 2016 Angelina Gorbunkova et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this review is to describe the most commonly observed changes in periodontium caused by orthodontic treatment in order to facilitate specialists’ collaboration and communication. An electronic database search was carried out using PubMed abstract and citation database and bibliographic material was then used in order to find other appropriate sources. Soft and hard periodontal tissues changes during orthodontic treatment and maintenance of the patients are discussed in order to provide an exhaustive picture of the possible interactions between these two interwoven disciplines.