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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2016, Article ID 9840594, 10 pages
Review Article

“Digitally Oriented Materials”: Focus on Lithium Disilicate Ceramics

1Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, Division of Fixed Prosthodontics, “Federico II” University of Naples, 80100 Naples, Italy
2Department of Medical Biotechnologies, Division of Fixed Prosthodontics, University of Siena, 53100 Siena, Italy
3Department of Surgical and Morphological Sciences, Dental School, University of Varese, 21100 Varese, Italy

Received 26 February 2016; Accepted 25 July 2016

Academic Editor: Patricia Pereira

Copyright © 2016 Fernando Zarone et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The present paper was aimed at reporting the state of the art about lithium disilicate ceramics. The physical, mechanical, and optical properties of this material were reviewed as well as the manufacturing processes, the results of in vitro and in vivo investigations related to survival and success rates over time, and hints for the clinical indications in the light of the latest literature data. Due to excellent optical properties, high mechanical resistance, restorative versatility, and different manufacturing techniques, lithium disilicate can be considered to date one of the most promising dental materials in Digital Dentistry.