Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2017, Article ID 4056708, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4056708
Clinical Study

Efficacy of a Rinse Containing Sea Salt and Lysozyme on Biofilm and Gingival Health in a Group of Young Adults: A Pilot Study

1College of Dentistry, University of Saskatchewan, 105 Wiggins Road, Saskatoon, SK, Canada
2Canadian Centre for Health and Safety in Agriculture, University of Saskatchewan, 104 Clinic Place, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 2Z4

Correspondence should be addressed to Jeyaraj Hoover; ac.ksasu@revooh.j

Received 27 June 2017; Revised 18 August 2017; Accepted 24 August 2017; Published 19 December 2017

Academic Editor: Timo Sorsa

Copyright © 2017 Jeyaraj Hoover et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. M. Albandar and T. E. Rams, “Global epidemiology of periodontal diseases: an overview,” Periodontology 2000, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 7–10, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. B. Burt and Research, Science and Therapy Committee of the American Academy of Periodontology, “Position paper: epidemiology of periodontal diseases,” Journal of Periodontology, vol. 76, no. 8, pp. 1406–1419, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. Axelsson, J. Lindhe, and B. Nyström, “On the prevention of caries and periodontal disease. Results of a 15-year longitudinal study in adults,” Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 182–189, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. F. Bizarra and S. Ribeiro, “Improving tooth-brushing behaviour in an institution for the disabled in Lisbon, Portugal,” International Journal of Dental Hygiene, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 182–187, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. A. Litonjua, L. L. Cabanilla, and L. J. Abbott, “Plaque formation and marginal gingivitis associated with restorative materials,” Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. e69–e72, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  6. M. Brecx, “Strategies and agents in supragingival chemical plaque control,” Periodontology 2000, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 100–108, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. R. J. Jackson, “Metal salts, essential oils and phenols—old or new?” Periodontology 2000, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 63–73, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. D. Polak, C. Martin, I. Sanz-Sanchez, N. Beyth, and L. Shapira, “Are anti-inflammatory agents effective in treating gingivitis as solo or adjunct therapies? A systematic review,” Journal of Clinical Periodontology, vol. 42, no. 16, pp. S139–S151, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. Saini, “Sea salt mouth rinse: a novel therapeutic approach for oral health,” International Journal of Dental and Health Sciences, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 126–130, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  10. K. Rutkowski and A. Wagner, “Chlorhexidine: a new latex?” European Urology, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 345–347, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. O. D. Osunde, R. A. Adebola, J. B. Adeoye, and G. O. Bassey, “Comparative study of the effect of warm saline mouth rinse on complications after dental extractions,” International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 649–653, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. F. Michel, M. G. Michel, J. Nadan, and H. Nowzari, “The street children of Manila are affected by early-in-life periodontal infection: description of a treatment modality: sea salt,” Refu’at Ha-Peh Veha-Shinayim (1993), vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 6–13, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  13. O. D. Osunde and G. O. Bassey, “Role of warm saline mouth rinse in prevention of alveolar osteitis: a randomized controlled trial,” Nigerian Journal of Medicine, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 28–31, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  14. K. Zaratsky, “What’s the difference between sea salt and table salt?” December 2016, http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/expert-answers/sea-salt/faq-20058512. View at Google Scholar
  15. K. K. Makinen, M. Saag, K. P. Isotupa et al., “Similarity of the effects of erythritol and xylitol on some risk factors of dental caries,” Caries Research, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 207–215, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. Nakimbugwe, B. Masschalck, M. Atanassova, A. Zewdie-Bosüner, and C. W. Michiels, “Comparison of bactericidal activity of six lysozymes at atmospheric pressure and under high hydrostatic pressure,” International Journal of Food Microbiology, vol. 108, no. 3, pp. 355–363, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Turesky, N. D. Gilmore, and I. Glickman, “Reduced plaque formation by chlormethyl analogue of vitamine C,” Journal of Periodontology, vol. 41, no. 41, pp. 41–43, 1970. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. A. Mani, S. Mani, and R. Anarthe, “A clinical pilot study to evaluate the efficacy of sea salt based oral rinse in gingivitis patients,” International Journal of Experimental Dental Science, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 116–118, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. N. P. Lang, B. R. Gumming, and H. A. Löe, “Oral hygiene and gingival health in Danish dental students and faculty,” Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 237–242, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. L. M. Connelly, “Pilot studies,” Medsurg Nursing, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 411-412, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  21. M. A. Hertzog, “Considerations in determining sample size for pilot studies,” Research in Nursing and Health, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 180–194, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. Isaac and W. B. Michael, Handbook in Research and Evaluation, Educational and Industrial Testing Services, San Diego, CA, USA, 1995.
  23. R. Hill, “What sample size is ‘enough’ in internet survey research?” Interpersonal Computing and Technology, vol. 6, no. 3-4, 1998. View at Google Scholar