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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2017, Article ID 7326061, 4 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7326061
Research Article

Impacted Maxillary Canine Prevalence and Its Association with Other Dental Anomalies in a Mexican Population

Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Mérida, YUC, Mexico

Correspondence should be addressed to José Rubén Herrera-Atoche; xm.ydau.oerroc@arerreh.esoj

Received 10 November 2016; Revised 6 February 2017; Accepted 9 February 2017; Published 23 February 2017

Academic Editor: Gilberto Sammartino

Copyright © 2017 José Rubén Herrera-Atoche et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. We quantified the prevalence of impacted maxillary canines (IMC) and their association with other dental anomalies (DAs). Materials and Methods. A retrospective study was done with 860 patients 12 to 39 years of age. The prevalence of IMC was calculated and compared by sex. The sample was divided into a control group and an impaction group, and the prevalence was calculated in both for a series of anomalies: agenesis, supernumerary teeth, shape anomalies of the upper laterals (microdontia, peg and barrel shape, and talon cusp), fusion, gemination, other impacted teeth, transposition, and amelogenesis imperfecta. The prevalence values for both groups were compared (Pearson’s test, ). Results. IMC were present in 6.04% of the sample with no difference by sex (). Other DAs occurred in 51.92% of the IMC group and in 20.17% of the controls (). Significant associations () were identified between IMC and four other DAs: microdontia, barrel shape, other impacted teeth, and transposition. The prevalence of all anomalies was lower in the control group. Conclusion. IMC were seen in 6.04% of patients. Patients with this condition also had a higher prevalence of other DAs. These other anomalies should be used as risk indicators for early diagnosis.