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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2017, Article ID 7593540, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7593540
Research Article

Missing Teeth and Prosthetic Treatment in Patients Treated at College of Dentistry, University of Dammam

1Department of Substitutive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, P.O. Box 1982, Dammam 31411, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Clinical Affairs, College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, P.O. Box 1982, Dammam 31411, Saudi Arabia
3Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences, Department of Community Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 5281, 90014 Oulu, Finland
4Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
5Research Unit of Oral Health Sciences, Department of Prosthetic Dentistry and Stomatognathic Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 5281, 90014 Oulu, Finland

Correspondence should be addressed to Shaimaa M. Fouda; moc.liamtoh@aduof.aamiahs

Received 21 January 2017; Revised 21 May 2017; Accepted 20 June 2017; Published 30 July 2017

Academic Editor: Manal Awad

Copyright © 2017 Shaimaa M. Fouda et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The percentage of completely and partially edentulous patients and their prosthetic treatment at the Department of Substitutive Dental Sciences (SDS), College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, were investigated. Panoramic radiographs and medical records of adult patients (, mean age 45.9 years, and range 25–96 years) treated in 2011–2014 were examined. 6% of the patients were completely edentulous, 8% had single jaw edentulousness, and 74% were partially edentulous. Edentulousness was significantly correlated with age and the number of missing teeth was significantly higher among males (). Diabetes was significantly associated with complete edentulousness, single edentulous jaw ( value 0.015), and partial edentulousness ( value 0.023). Kennedy class III was the most frequent class of partial edentulousness in single and/or both jaws (). Patients having class I and/or class II were treated most often with removable partial dentures (RPD) (), while patients having class III were treated with fixed partial dentures (FPD). It was found that complete edentulousness increases in older age and the number of missing teeth was significantly higher among males. Kennedy class III was most common in both upper and lower jaw and was treated more often with FPD than with RPD.