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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2017, Article ID 9858073, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9858073
Research Article

Medical and Periodontal Clinical Parameters in Patients at Different Levels of Chronic Renal Failure

1Department of Periodontics, University of Taubaté, Taubaté, SP, Brazil
2Department of Nephrology, University of Taubaté, Taubaté, SP, Brazil
3Department of Implantology and Periodontics, University of Santo Amaro, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Debora Pallos; rb.moc.tniopten@sollapd

Received 12 December 2016; Revised 13 February 2017; Accepted 27 February 2017; Published 3 April 2017

Academic Editor: Silvana Barros

Copyright © 2017 Caroline Perozini et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. To assess the clinical periodontal and medical parameters in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) at different levels of renal disease. Background. CRF is a progressive and irreversible loss of renal function associated with a decline in the glomerular filtration rate. Periodontal disease is a destructive inflammatory disease affecting periodontal tissues that shows high prevalence in patients with CRF. Materials and Methods. 102 CRF patients were included and divided into an early stage group (EG), predialysis group (PDG), and hemodialysis group (HDG). The medical parameters were taken from the patients’ records. Results. Periodontal clinical condition differed among the CRF groups. Clinical attachment loss was greater in the HDG and PDG group compared to the EG (); the same was observed in the Plaque Index (); the others periodontal parameters did not show any differences. Ferritin levels were significantly higher in the HDG when compared to the EG and PGD (), and fibrinogen was higher in PDG compared with the others (); the triglycerides also showed higher values in the HDG compared with the other groups (). Conclusion. The patients with renal involvement should have a multidisciplinary approach to an improvement in their oral and systemic health.