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International Journal of Dentistry
Volume 2018, Article ID 2637508, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/2637508
Research Article

Oral Health Status of Syrian Children in the Refugee Center of Melilla, Spain

1Faculty of Dentistry, IESP, Joao Pessoa, PB, Brazil
2Department of Stomatology, University of Seville, Seville, Spain
3Department of Surgery, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain

Correspondence should be addressed to Javier Montero; se.lasu@tnomivaj

Received 18 November 2017; Accepted 11 January 2018; Published 18 March 2018

Academic Editor: Manal Awad

Copyright © 2018 Sabrina Gonçalves Riatto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Little is known about the state of oral health among immigrants from conflict zones, such as the refugee children from the Syrian Civil War. Aim. To determine the oral health status of Syrian immigrant children refugee at the Center for Temporary Stay of Immigrants in Melilla to plan prevention and care programs. Design. Using the criteria set by the World Health Organization, an exploration of the oral cavity of all Syrian children aged 5–13 living at that center was conducted in May 2015. All subjects were clinically evaluated by a calibrated and standardized examiner, accompanied by a dentist who registered the clinical variables, and translators. The sociodemographic and clinical variables were analyzed through a descriptive and analytical study, respectively. Results. The prevalence of caries in both the permanent and deciduous dentition was 75% and 50% in 6- and 12-year-olds, respectively. The dft was 3.2 ± 2.9 in 6-year-old children. At 12 years old, the DMFT was 1.6 ± 2.6 teeth, the DMFM was 1.1 ± 1.7 teeth, the SiC was 3.2, and the IR was 5%. Eighty-six percent of the examined sextants were periodontally healthy. Conclusions. The prevalence of caries was high in the sample population studied, confirming the need for a comprehensive primary oral health care program.