Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Digital Multimedia Broadcasting
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 834924, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/834924
Research Article

LDPC FEC Code Extension for Unequal Error Protection in DVB-T2 System: Design and Evaluation

1Tampere University of Technology, Department of Signal Processing, P.O. Box 553, Tampere 33720, Finland
2Huawei Technologies Ltd., European Research Center, Riesstraße 25, Munich 80992, Germany

Received 4 July 2011; Revised 31 October 2011; Accepted 10 December 2011

Academic Editor: Manzur Murshed

Copyright © 2012 Lukasz Kondrad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. International Telecommunication Union, Frame Error Robust Narrowband and Wideband Embedded Variable Bit-Rate Coding of Speech and Audio from 8-32 kbit/s, Telecommunication Standardization Sector of ITU, Geneva, Switzerland, 2008.
  2. International Telecommunication Union, Advance Video Coding for Generic Audiovisual Services, Telecommunication Standardization Sector of ITU, Geneva, Switzerland, 2007.
  3. Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB), http://dvb.org/.
  4. Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB), “Commercial Requirements for NGH,” DVB Document CMNGH0015, June 2009.
  5. European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), “Specification for the use of Video and Audio Coding in DVB services delivered directly over IP protocols,” TS 102 005, March 2010.
  6. European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), “Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB): frame structure channel coding and modulation for a second generation digital terrestrial television broadcasting system (DVB-T2),” TS 102 005, March 2010.
  7. Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB), “Upper Layer Forward Error Correction in DVB,” DVB Document A148, March 2010.
  8. I. Bouazizi, L. Kondrad, M. Hannuksela, and M. Gabbouj, “Efficient FEC protection of scalable media streams in DVB-H,” in Proceedings of the 58th Annual IEEE Broadcast Symposium, pp. 1–6, October 2008.
  9. M. M. Hannuksela, V. K. M. Vadakital, and S. Jumisko-Pyykkö, “Comparison of error protection methods for audio-video broadcast over DVB-H,” EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, vol. 2007, Article ID 71801, 12 pages, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. Kondrad, I. Bouazizi, and M. Gabbouj, “LDPC fec code extension for unequal error protection in 2ND generation DVB systems,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME '10), pp. 504–509, July 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. G. Gallager, “Low density parity-check odes,” IRE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 21–28, 1962. View at Google Scholar
  12. D. MacKay and R. Neal, “Good codes based on very sparse matrices,” in Cryptography and Coding, C. Boyd, Ed., vol. 1025 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 100–111, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  13. T. J. Richardson, M. A. Shokrollahi, and R. L. Urbanke, “Design of capacity-approaching irregular low-density parity-check codes,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 619–637, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. G. Luby, M. Mitzenmacher, M. A. Shokrollahi, and D. A. Spielman, “Improved low-density parity-check codes using irregular graphs,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 585–598, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. T. J. Richardson and R. L. Urbanke, “Efficient encoding of low-density parity-check codes,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 638–656, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Yang, W. E. Ryan, and Y. Li, “Design of efficiently encodable moderate-length high-rate irregular LDPC codes,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 564–571, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. Pearl, Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems: Networks of Plausible Inference, Morgan Kauffmann, San Francisco, Calif, USA, 1988.
  18. T. K. Moon, Error Correction Coding: Mathematical Methods and Algorithms, Wiley-Interscience, 2005.
  19. R. M. Tanner, “A recursive approach to low complexity codes,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 533–547, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. Y. Weiss, “Correctness of local probability propagation in graphical models with loops,” Neural Computation, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 1–41, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. C. Bose and D. K. Ray-Chaudhuri, “On a class of error correcting binary group codes,” Information and Control, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 68–79, 1960. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Z. Li, L. Chen, L. Zeng, S. Lin, and W. H. Fong, “Efficient encoding of quasi-cyclic low-density parity-check codes,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 71–81, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. Storn and K. Price, “Differential evolution a simple and efficient heuristic for global optimization over continuous spaces,” Journal of Global Optimization, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 341–359, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. T. J. Richardson and R. L. Urbanke, “The capacity of low-density parity-check codes under message-passing decoding,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 599–618, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. T. Brink, “Convergence behavior of iteratively decoded parallel concatenated codes,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 49, no. 10, pp. 1727–1737, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. ten Brink and G. Kramer, “Design of repeat-accumulate codes for iterative detection and decoding,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 51, no. 11, pp. 2764–2772, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. Thorpe, “Low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes constructed from protographs,” Tech. Rep. JPL INP, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  28. X. Y. Hu, E. Eleftheriou, and D. M. Arnold, “Progressive edge-growth tanner graphs,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Global Telecommunicatins Conference (GLOBECOM '01), vol. 2, pp. 995–1001, November 2001. View at Scopus
  29. European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), “Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB): implementation guidelines for a second generation digital terrestrial television broadcasting system (DVB-T2),” TS 102 831, February 2009.
  30. “Digital Land Mobile Radio Communications—COST 207,” Tech. Rep., Commission of the European Communities, Luxemburg, 1989.