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International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
Volume 3 (2007), Issue 2, Pages 225-241
Original Article

Power-Aware Node Deployment in Wireless Sensor Networks

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong

Copyright © 2007 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have attracted intense interest due to their extensible capability. In this paper, we attempt to answer a fundamental but practical question: “how should we deploy these nodes?” In most current designs, sensor nodes are randomly or uniformly distributed because of their simplicity. However, the node deployment has a great impact on the performance of WSNs. Instead of maintaining the coverage for some snapshots of a WSN, it is essential that we can provide a continuous coverage in the whole lifecycle of the WSN. We will exhibit the weakness of the uniform distribution by disclosing the fatal sink routing-hole problem. To address this problem, we propose a non-uniform, power-aware distribution scheme. Our analysis and simulation results show that the power-aware deployment scheme can significantly improve the long-term network connectivity and service quality.