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International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 370935, 11 pages
Research Article

A Novel Coverage Enhancement Algorithm for Image Sensor Networks

Haiping Huang,1,2,3,4 Lijuan Sun,1,2,3 Ruchuan Wang,1,2,3 and Jing Li1,2

1College of Computer, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210003, China
2Jiangsu High Technology Research Key Laboratory for Wireless Sensor Networks, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210003, China
3Key Lab of Broadband Wireless Communication and Sensor Network Technology of Ministry of Education, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210003, China
4College of Computer Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China

Received 3 November 2011; Revised 13 March 2012; Accepted 13 March 2012

Academic Editor: Sabah Mohammed

Copyright © 2012 Haiping Huang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The needs of diverse environmental information introduce the multimedia data into wireless sensor networks. The characteristics of most multimedia information, such as great amounts of data and high-quality requirement for network service, positively affect traditional wireless sensor networks, which also derive various new research areas. This paper focuses on the multimedia image sensor networks and proposes FVPTR (fuzzy image recognition and virtual-potential-field-based paired tangent point repulsion) method to enhance the perspective coverage of network. This approach utilizes fuzzy image recognition method to process the boundary nodes. Aimed at nonboundary nodes, based on potential field theory, it adopts paired tangent point repulsion mechanism, which attempts to obtain the optimal network sensing coverage through the multiple paired achievements between one current node and several target nodes. Combined with FVPTR, some algorithms such as LRBA, MBAA, and mixed superposition algorithm are put forward to single or multiple-time adjustment by the rotation of the direction angle. The results of simulation and all kinds of comparisons show that three-times pairing method enhances the coverage of networks well.