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International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 891321, 12 pages
Research Article

Optimal Convergecast Scheduling Limits for Clustered Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks

Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China

Received 27 July 2012; Revised 12 October 2012; Accepted 14 October 2012

Academic Editor: Hongwei Zhang

Copyright © 2012 Xiaoling Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Increased mobility coupled with a possible reduction of cabling costs and deployment time makes wireless communication an attractive alternative for the industrial process monitoring and control. The major obstacles toward the utilization of wireless industrial networks are predominantly the timeliness and reliability requirements. In this paper, orienting to clustered industrial wireless sensor networks, we analyze the performance bounds of the convergecast scheduling, which is a typical many-to-one communication in wireless industrial networks. The analysis aims to the cluster-line and cluster-tree topologies. Each kind is future divided into three scenarios according to an application parameter, named data update rate. Firstly, we establish the lower bounds on the number of timeslots to finish the intracluster and the intercluster convergecast transmissions. Secondly, we establish the lower bounds on the number of channels based on the lower bounds on the number of timeslots and maximum available channels in a multichannel scenario. Lastly, we carry out the extensive analysis-taking packet retransmissions into consideration so as to meet the reliability requirement. Experiment results validate the correctness and tightness of our theory analysis.