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International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 374796, 11 pages
Research Article

Secure Routing Protocol Using Cross-Layer Design and Energy Harvesting in Wireless Sensor Networks

1Biomedical Technology Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11633, Saudi Arabia
2Institute of Information Technology, Kohat University of Science and Technology (KUST), Kohat City 26000, Pakistan
3Department of Communications, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera 46022, Valencia, Spain
4School of Engineering and Information Sciences, Middlesex University, London NW4 4BT, UK

Received 28 November 2012; Accepted 23 December 2012

Academic Editor: Shuai Li

Copyright © 2013 Nabil Ali Alrajeh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Energy efficiency is the main concern of research community while designing routing protocols for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). This concern can be addressed by using energy-harvesting scheme in routing protocols. In this paper, we propose a secure routing protocol that is based on cross layer design and energy-harvesting mechanism. It uses a distributed cluster-based security mechanism. In the cross-layer design, parameters are exchanged between different layers to ensure efficient use of energy. Energy-harvesting system is used to extract and store energy, which is used to take decisions for the node state and thus for the routing issues. Simulation results show that our routing protocol can perform better in many scenarios and in hostile attack-prone environment.