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International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 421084, 13 pages
Review Article

Intelligent Optimization of Wireless Sensor Networks through Bio-Inspired Computing: Survey and Future Directions

Bahria University Wireless Research Center, Bahria University, 44220 Islamabad, Pakistan

Received 14 July 2012; Revised 15 December 2012; Accepted 17 December 2012

Academic Editor: Jiman Hong

Copyright © 2013 Sohail Jabbar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This survey article is a comprehensive discussion on Intelligent Optimization of Wireless Sensor Networks through Bio-Inspired Computing. The marvelous perfection of biological systems and its different aspects for optimized solutions for non-biological problems is presented here in detail. In the current research inclination, hiring of biological solutions to solve and optimize different aspects of artificial systems’ problems has been shaped into an important field with the name of bio-inspired computing. We have tabulated the exploitation of key constituents of biological system for developing bio-inspired systems to represent its importance and emergence in problem solving trends. We have presented how the metaphoric relationship is developed between the two biological and non-biological systems by quoting an example of relationship between prevailing wireless system and the natural system. Interdisciplinary research is playing a splendid contribution for various problems’ solving. The process of combining the individuals’ output to form a single problem solving solution is depicted in three-stage ensemble design. Also the hybrid solutions from computational intelligence-based optimization are elongated to demonstrate the emergent involvement of these inspired systems with rich references for the interested readers. It is concluded that these perfect creations have remedies for most of the problems in non-biological system.