International Journal of Endocrinology / 2010 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Sleep, Hormones, and Circadian Rhythms throughout the Menstrual Cycle in Healthy Women and Women with Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

Table 1

The variation of sleep across the menstrual cycle.

Authors [Reference]YearSample sizeMenstrual phases studiedSignificant effect of menstrual phaseSignificant effects in PMDD (versus NC)

Parry et al. [45]1989 healthy PMSearly-FPIn healthy and PMS: variation of stage 3 (min) and intermittent awakening across  cycle stage 2 (%) across cycle
early-LP REM (min, %) across cycle

Lee et al. [46]1990 healthyFPnone SWS (%) at both phases
symptomaticLP latency to stage 1 in LP

Ito et al. [47]1993 healthymenses SWS (min) during early-LP and late-LPN/A

Ishizuka et al. [48]1994 healthy3 nights/week across full cycle SFA during late-LPN/A

Driver et al. [49]1996 healthymenses NREM (%) during LPN/A
mid-FP stage 2 (%) during LP
ovulation REM (% NREM-REM cycle duration) during LP
mid-LP SFA during LP

Chuong et al. [50]1997 healthy PMSmid-FPnonenone

Baker et al. [51]1999 healthymenses mid-FP mid-LP REM (%) during mid-LP versus mid-FP latency to stage 3 during mid-LP versus mensesN/A

Parry et al. [52]1999 healthy PMDDmid-FPlate-LPIn healthy and PMDD: ROL, stage 3 (min and %), and REM (min) during late-LPIn healthy: stage 1 (min, %) during late-LPnone

Shibui et al. [37]2000 healthyFP number of SWS-containing naps during LPN/A

Baker et al. [43]2001 healthymid-FPnoneN/A

Baker et al. [53]2002 healthymid-FP REM (%) during mid-LPN/A
mid-LP SWS (%) during mid-LP
Driver et al. [54]2005 healthyFPLP stage 2 (%) during LPN/A

Baker et al. [55]2007 healthy PMS/PMDDmid-FP late-LPIn healthy and PMS: WASO (min),  microaraousals/hour, and SFA during late-LP ROL (min) at both phases

Lamarche et al. [56]2007 healthy PMSFP late-LPIn healthy and PMS: stage 2 (%), SWS (%), and REM (%) during late-LPnone

PMS: premenstrual syndrome; PMDD: premenstrual dysphoric disorder; FP: follicular phase; LP: luteal phase; REM: rapid eye movement sleep; ROL: REM onset latency; NREM: non-REM sleep; SWS: slow wave sleep; SFA: spindle frequency activity; WASO: wake after sleep onset.

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