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International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2010, Article ID 759509, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/759509
Review Article

Sleep and Diabetes

1Section of Pulmonary, Critical and Sleep Medicine, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Corpus Christi, TX 78413, USA
2Baylor College of Medicine, Texas A&M University, 613 Elizabeth Street, Suite 813, Corpus Christi, Houston, TX 78413, USA

Received 28 July 2009; Accepted 2 January 2010

Academic Editor: Jessica A. Mong

Copyright © 2010 Swetha Bopparaju and Salim Surani. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Sleep apnea is clinically recognized as a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by recurrent apnea and/or hypopnea. Its prevalence ranges from 4% to 24%. It has been implicated as an independent risk factor for several conditions such as hypertension, stroke, arrhythmia, and myocardial infarction. Recently data has been emerging which suggests an independent association of obstructive sleep apnea with several components of the metabolic syndrome, particularly insulin resistance and abnormalities in lipid metabolism. We hereby review the salient features of the association between sleep and diabetes.