Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 378632, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/378632
Research Article

Relation of Visceral and Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue to Bone Mineral Density in Chinese Women

1Department of Radiology, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing 100035, China
2Department of Radiology, Hong Kong University Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen 518053, China
3Department of Epidemiology, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing 100035, China

Received 3 January 2013; Revised 7 May 2013; Accepted 10 May 2013

Academic Editor: Ling-Qing Yuan

Copyright © 2013 Ling Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. A. Kanis, H. Johansson, A. Oden, and E. V. McCloskey, “Assessment of fracture risk,” European Journal of Radiology, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 392–397, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. Khosla, E. J. Atkinson, B. L. Riggs, and L. J. Melton III, “Relationship between body composition and bone mass in women,” Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 857–863, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. E. M. Clark, A. R. Ness, and J. H. Tobias, “Adipose tissue stimulates bone growth in prepubertal children,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 91, no. 7, pp. 2534–2541, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. I. R. Reid, L. D. Plank, and M. C. Evans, “Fat mass is an important determinant of whole body bone density in premenopausal women but not in men,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 75, no. 3, pp. 779–782, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. D. R. Taaffe, J. A. Cauley, M. Danielson et al., “Race and sex effects on the association between muscle strength, soft tissue, and bone mineral density in healthy elders: the health, aging, and body composition study,” Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 1343–1352, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. S. Chang, Y. F. Chang, M. W. Wang et al., “Inverse relationship between central obesity and osteoporosis in osteoporotic drug naive elderly females: the tianliao old people (TOP) study,” Journal of Clinical Densitometry, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 204–211, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. J. A. Shepherd, “Is osteoporosis an obesity paradox?” Journal of Clinical Densitometry, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 131–132, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. M. Dominici, K. Le Blanc, I. Mueller et al., “Minimal criteria for defining multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells. The international society for cellular therapy position statement,” Cytotherapy, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 315–317, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. Zhao, Y. Liu, P. Liu, J. Hamilton, R. R. Recker, and H. Deng, “Relationship of obesity with osteoporosis,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 92, no. 5, pp. 1640–1646, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Y. Shi and P. A. Baldock, “Central and peripheral mechanisms of the NPY system in the regulation of bone and adipose tissue,” Bone, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 430–436, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. G. A. Rosito, J. M. Massaro, U. Hoffmann et al., “Pericardial fat, visceral abdominal fat, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and vascular calcification in a community-based sample the framingham heart study,” Circulation, vol. 117, no. 5, pp. 605–613, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. M. Ibrahim, “Subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue: structural and functional differences,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 11–18, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Alvehus, J. Burén, M. Sjöström, J. Goedecke, and T. Olsson, “The human visceral fat depot has a unique inflammatory profile,” Obesity, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 879–883, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Rosmond, Y. C. Chagnon, G. Holm et al., “A glucocorticoid receptor gene marker is associated with abdominal obesity, leptin, and dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis,” Obesity Research, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 211–218, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. H. Chen, Y. Feng, H. Shu et al., “Survey on menopausal age and menstruation span in women in Pudong district of Shanghai,” Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 415–419, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. C. Prior, “Perimenopause: the complex endocrinology of the menopausal transition,” Endocrine Reviews, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 397–428, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Bligh, L. Bidaut, R. A. White, W. A. Murphy Jr., D. M. Stevens, and D. D. Cody, “Helical multidetector row quantitative computed tomography (QCT) precision,” Academic Radiology, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 150–159, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. F. Lang, J. Li, S. T. Harris, and H. K. Genant, “Assessment of vertebral bone mineral density using volumetric quantitative CT,” Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 130–137, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. G. A. Borkan, S. G. Gerzof, and A. H. Robbins, “Assessment of abdominal fat content by computed tomography,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 172–177, 1982. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. K. Furukawa, T. Katabami, Y. Nakajima et al., “Evaluation of whole-abdominal fat volume by 700-slice CT scanning and comparison with the umbilical fat area anthropometric indices,” Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. e111–e117, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. A. Bredella, M. Torriani, R. H. Ghomi et al., “Determinants of bone mineral density in obese premenopausal women,” Bone, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 748–754, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Russell, N. Mendes, K. K. Miller et al., “Visceral fat is a negative predictor of bone density measures in obese adolescent girls,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 1247–1255, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. P. T. Katzmarzyk, T. V. Barreira, D. M. Harrington, A. E. Staiano, S. B. Heymsfield, and J. M. Gimble, “Relationship between abdominal fat and bone mineral density in white and African American adults,” Bone, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 576–579, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. Krings, S. Rahman, S. Huang, Y. Lu, P. J. Czernik, and B. Lecka-Czernik, “Bone marrow fat has brown adipose tissue characteristics, which are attenuated with aging and diabetes,” Bone, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 546–552, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. B. M. Abdallah and M. Kassem, “New factors controlling the balance between osteoblastogenesis and adipogenesis,” Bone, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 540–545, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. I. R. Reid, “Relationships among body mass, its components, and bone,” Bone, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 547–555, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. C. Mammi, M. Calanchini, A. Antelmi et al., “Androgens and adipose tissue in males: a complex and reciprocal interplay,” International Journal of Endocrinology, vol. 2012, Article ID 789653, 8 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. V. Gilsanz, J. Chalfant, A. O. Mo, D. C. Lee, F. J. Dorey, and S. D. Mittelman, “Reciprocal relations of subcutaneous and visceral fat to bone structure and strength,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 94, no. 9, pp. 3387–3393, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. T. Yamaguchi, I. Kanazawa, M. Yamamoto et al., “Associations between components of the metabolic syndrome versus bone mineral density and vertebral fractures in patients with type 2 diabetes,” Bone, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 174–179, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. L. M. Yerges-Armstrong, I. Miljkovic, J. A. Cauley et al., “Adipose tissue and volumetric bone mineral density of older Afro-Caribbean men,” Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 2221–2228, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. I. R. Reid, “Fat and bone,” Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, vol. 503, no. 1, pp. 20–27, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. E. W. Yu, B. J. Thomas, J. K. Brown, and J. S. Finkelstein, “Simulated increases in body fat and errors in bone mineral density measurements by DXA and QCT,” Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 119–124, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus