Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2013, Article ID 501638, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/501638
Research Article

Body Fat Equations and Electrical Bioimpedance Values in Prediction of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Eutrophic and Overweight Adolescents

1Department of Nutrition and Health-CCB II, Federal University of Viçosa, Avenida P.H. Rolfs s/n°, Campus UFV, Viçosa, MG, Brazil
2Department of Rural Economy, Federal University of Viçosa, Avenida P.H. Rolfs s/n°, Campus UFV, Viçosa, MG, Brazil
3Department of Nutrition-Center for Health Sciences, Federal University of Pernambuco, Avenida Nelson Chaves s/n°, Cidade Universitária, Recife, PE, Brazil
4Department of Statistics, Federal University of Viçosa, Avenida P.H. Rolfs s/n°, Campus UFV, Viçosa, MG, Brazil

Received 16 November 2012; Revised 25 January 2013; Accepted 25 January 2013

Academic Editor: Mario Maggi

Copyright © 2013 Franciane Rocha Faria et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. H. Fonseca-Alaniz, J. Takada, M. I. C. Alonso-Vale et al., “O tecido adiposo como centro regulador do metabolismo,” Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia and Metabologia, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 216–229, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  2. J. A. Lamounier, “Obesidade na adolescência,” in Nutrição e saúde na adolescência, S. E. Priore, R. M. S. Oliveira, E. R. Faria et al., Eds., pp. 167–172, Rubio, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  3. N. F. Krebs, M. S. Jacobson, and American Academy of Pediatrics Committee, “Prevention of pediatric overweight and obesity,” Pediatrics, vol. 112, no. 2, pp. 424–430, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  4. B. L. Wajchenberg, “Subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue: their relation to the metabolic syndrome,” Endocrine Reviews, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 697–738, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. Dervaux, M. Wubuli, J. L. Megnien, G. Chironi, and A. Simon, “Comparative associations of adiposity measures with cardiometabolic risk burden in asymptomatic subjects,” Atherosclerosis, vol. 201, no. 2, pp. 413–417, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. Brodie, V. Moscrip, and R. Hutcheon, “Body composition measurement: a review of hydrodensitometry, anthropometry, and impedance methods,” Nutrition, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 296–310, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. V. Durnin and M. M. Rahaman, “The assessment of the amount of fat in the human body from measurements of skinfold thickness,” The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 681–689, 1967. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. V. G. A. Durnin and J. Womersley, “Body fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness: measurements on 481 men and women aged from 16 to 72 years,” The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 79–97, 1974. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. A. Boileau, T. G. Lohman, and M. H. Slaughter, “Exercise and body composition of children and youth,” Scandinavian Journal of Sports Sciences, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 17–27, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. H. Slaughter, T. G. Lohman, R. A. Boileau et al., “Skinfold equations for estimations of body fatness in children and youth,” Human Biology, vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 709–723, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. A. Weststrate and P. Deurenberg, “Body composition in children: proposal for a method for calculating body fat percentage from total body density or skinfold-thickness measurements,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 1104–1115, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Guo, A. F. Roche, and L. Houtkooper, “Fat-free mass in children and young adults predicted from bioelectric impedance and anthropometric variables,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 435–443, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. Deurenberg, J. J. L. Pieters, and J. G. A. J. Hautvast, “The assessment of the body fat percentage by skinfold thickness measurements in childhood and young adolescence,” The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 293–303, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. Deurenberg, J. A. Weststrate, and J. C. Seidell, “Body mass index as a measure of body fatness: age- and sex-specific prediction formulas,” The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 105–114, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. L. B. Houtkooper, S. B. Going, T. G. Lohman, A. F. Roche, and M. Van Loan, “Bioelectrical impedance estimation of fat-free body mass in children and youth: a cross-validation study,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 366–373, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. J. Ellis, “Body composition of a young, multiethnic, male population,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 66, no. 6, pp. 1323–1331, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. K. J. Ellis, S. A. Abrams, and W. W. Wong, “Body composition of a young, multiethnic female population,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 724–731, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, “Censo 2000,” 2010, http://www.ibge.gov.br/censo/.
  19. M. A. Martínez-González, A. Alonso, and M. Bes-Rastrollo, “Estimación del tamaño muestral,” in Bioestadística Amigable, M. A. Martínez-González, A. Sánchez-Villegas, and J. F. Fajardo, Eds., pp. 373–417, Diaz de Santos, Barcelona, Spain, 2nd edition, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  20. R. Monge and O. Beita, “Prevalence of coronary heart disease risk factors in Costa Rican adolescents,” Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 210–217, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. World Health Organization, “Growth reference 5–19 anos,” 2009, http://www.who.int/growthref/en/.
  22. M. T. A. Olinto and B. A. Olinto, “Raça e desigualdade entre as mulheres um exemplo no sul do Brasil,” Cadernos de Saúde Pública, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 1137–1142, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  23. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, “Conceitos,” 2010, http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/populacao/condicaodevida/indicadoresminimos/conceitos.shtm.
  24. Celafiscs, “Classificação do Nível de Atividade Física—IPAQ,” 2010, http://www.celafiscs.institucional.ws/65/questionarios.html.
  25. World Health Organization, Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry: Report of a WHO Expert Committee, vol. 854 of WHO Technical Report Series, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1995.
  26. V. H. Heyward and L. M. Stolarczyk, Eds., Métodos de dobras cutâneas. Avaliação da Composição Corporal Aplicada, Manole, São Paulo, Brazil, 2000.
  27. N. Cameron, Anthropometric Measurements. The Measurement of Human Growth, Croom-Helm, 1984.
  28. K. B. F. Barbosa, Consumo Alimentar e marcadores de risco para a síndrome metabólica em adolescentes do sexo feminino: comparação entre instrumentos de inquérito dietético [Master of Science in Nutrition], Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, Brazil, 2006.
  29. T. G. Lohman, “Assessing fat distribuition,” in Advances in Body Composition Assessment: Current Issues in Exercise Science, pp. 57–63, Human Kinetics, Champaign, Ill, USA, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  30. Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia, “I Diretriz de prevenção da Aterosclerose na infância e na adolescência,” Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, vol. 85, supplement 6, pp. 1–36, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  31. American Diabetes Association, “Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus,” Diabetes Care, vol. 30, pp. 42–47, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  32. Sociedade Brasileira de Hipertensão, “VI Diretrizes Brasileiras de Hipertensão Arterial,” Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, vol. 95, no. 1, supplement 1, pp. 1–51, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  33. J. S. Long and L. H. Ervin, Correcting for Heteroscedasticity with Heteroscedasticity Consistent Standard Errors in the Linear Regression Model: Small Sample Considerations, Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind, USA, 1998, http://www.indiana.edu/~jslsoc/files_research/testing_tests/hccm/98TAS.pdf.
  34. H. M. S. Serrano, G. Q. Carvalho, P. F. Pereira et al., “Composição Corpórea, alterações Bioquímicas e clínicas de adolescentes com excesso de adiposidade,” Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, vol. 95, no. 4, pp. 464–472, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  35. D. S. Freedman, W. H. Dietz, S. R. Srinivasan, and G. S. Berenson, “The relation of overweight to cardiovascular risk factors among children and adolescents: the Bogalusa heart study,” Pediatrics, vol. 103, no. 6, pp. 1175–1182, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. E. Falaschetti, A. D. Hingorani, A. Jones et al., “Adiposity and cardiovascular risk factors in a large contemporary population of pre-pubertal children,” European Heart Journal, vol. 31, no. 24, pp. 3063–3072, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. A. D. Rogol, J. N. Roemmich, and P. A. Clark, “Growth at puberty,” Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 31, no. 6, supplement, pp. 192–200, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. K. G. M. M. Alberti and P. Z. Zimmet, “Definition, diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus and its complications, part 1: diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus provisional report of a WHO consultation,” Diabetic Medicine, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 539–553, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. F. F. Ribeiro Filho, “Gordura visceral e síndrome metabólica: mais que uma simples associação,” Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia and Metabologia, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 230–236, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  40. D. Botero and J. I. Wolfsdorf, “Diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents,” Archives of Medical Research, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 281–290, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. R. A. Burrows, M. A. Burgueño, L. B. Leiva et al., “Perfil metabólico de riesgo cardiovascular em niños y adolescentes obesos com menor sensibilidad insulínica,” Revista Médica de Chile, vol. 133, pp. 795–804, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  42. S. Leahy, C. O'Neill, R. Sohun, and P. Jakeman, “A comparison of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and bioelectrical impedance analysis to measure total and segmental body composition in healthy young adults,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 112, no. 2, pp. 589–595, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. C. C. Romaldin, “Fatores de risco para aterosclerose em crianças e adolescentes com história familiar de doença arterial coronariana prematura,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 135–140, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  44. D. P. Guedes and J. E. R. Guedes P, “Atividade física, aptidão cardiorrespiratória, composição da dieta e fatores de risco predisponentes às doenças cardiovasculares,” Arquivos Brasileiros De Cardiologia, vol. 77, no. 3, pp. 243–250, 2001. View at Google Scholar