Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Endocrinology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 575671, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/575671
Research Article

Acute One-Cigarette Smoking Decreases Ghrelin Hormone in Saliva: A Pilot Study

1College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Dammam, Al-Khobar 31441, Saudi Arabia
2College of Medical Rehabilitation Sciences, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah 21423, Saudi Arabia

Received 26 December 2013; Accepted 17 March 2014; Published 7 April 2014

Academic Editor: Robert D. Murray

Copyright © 2014 Yahia A. Kaabi and Mohiealdeen A. Khalifa. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. Shimokata, D. C. Muller, and R. Andres, “Studies in the distribution of body fat. III. Effects of cigarette smoking,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 261, no. 8, pp. 1169–1173, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. D. I. Peterson, L. H. Lonergan, and M. G. Hardinge, “Smoking and taste perception,” Archives of Environmental Health, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 219–222, 1968. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Chiolero, D. Faeh, F. Paccaud, and J. Cornuz, “Consequences of smoking for body weight, body fat distribution, and insulin resistance,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 801–809, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. L. C. Collins, M. F. Cornelius, R. L. Vogel, J. F. Walker, and B. A. Stamford, “Effect of caffeine and/or cigarette smoking on resting energy expenditure,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 551–556, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Hofstetter, Y. Schutz, E. Jequier, and J. Wahren, “Increased 24-hour energy expenditure in cigarette smokers,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 314, no. 2, pp. 79–82, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Chen, R. Vlahos, S. Bozinovski, J. Jones, G. P. Anderson, and M. J. Morris, “Effect of short-term cigarette smoke exposure on body weight, appetite and brain neuropeptide Y in mice,” Neuropsychopharmacology, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 713–719, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. Chen, M. J. Hansen, J. E. Jones et al., “Cigarette smoke exposure reprograms the hypothalamic neuropeptide Y axis to promote weight loss,” The American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol. 173, no. 11, pp. 1248–1254, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Jessen, B. Buemann, S. Toubro, I. M. Skovgaard, and A. Astrup, “The appetite-suppressant effect of nicotine is enhanced by caffeine,” Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 327–333, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. A. Perkins, L. H. Epstein, R. L. Stiller et al., “Acute effects of nicotine on hunger and caloric intake in smokers and nonsmokers,” Psychopharmacology, vol. 103, no. 1, pp. 103–109, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. I. Botella-Carretero, H. F. Escobar-Morreale, I. Martín et al., “Weight gain and cardiovascular risk factors during smoking cessation with bupropion or nicotine,” Hormone and Metabolic Research, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 178–182, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. Filozof, M. C. Fernández Pinilla, and A. Fernández-Cruz, “Smoking cessation and weight gain,” Obesity Reviews, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 95–103, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. J. Moffatt and S. G. Owens, “Cessation from cigarette smoking: changes in body weight, body composition, resting metabolism, and energy consumption,” Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 465–470, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Kojima, H. Hosoda, Y. Date, M. Nakazato, H. Matsuo, and K. Kangawa, “Ghrelin is a growth-hormone-releasing acylated peptide from stomach,” Nature, vol. 402, no. 6762, pp. 656–660, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. M. Wren, L. J. Seal, M. A. Cohen et al., “Ghrelin enhances appetite and increases food intake in humans,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 86, no. 12, pp. 5992–5995, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. Disse, A.-L. Bussier, C. Veyrat-Durebex et al., “Peripheral ghrelin enhances sweet taste food consumption and preference, regardless of its caloric content,” Physiology and Behavior, vol. 101, no. 2, pp. 277–281, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Gröschl, H. G. Topf, J. Bohlender et al., “Identification of ghrelin in human saliva: production by the salivary glands and potential role in proliferation of oral keratinocytes,” Clinical Chemistry, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 997–1006, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. B.-B. Li, Z.-B. Chen, B.-C. Li et al., “Expression of ghrelin in human salivary glands and its levels in saliva and serum in Chinese obese children and adolescents,” Archives of Oral Biology, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 389–394, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. Y.-K. Shin, B. Martin, W. Kim et al., “Ghrelin is produced in taste cells and ghrelin receptor null mice show reduced taste responsivity to salty (NaCl) and sour (citric acid) tastants,” PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 9, p. e12729, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. D. Anzengruber, K. L. Klump, L. Thornton et al., “Smoking in eating disorders,” Eating Behaviors, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 291–299, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. Z. Cetinkaya, S. Aydin, Y. Z. Cerrahoglu, R. Ayten, F. Erman, and E. Aygen, “Changes in appetite hormone (ghrelin) levels of saliva and serum in acute appendicitis cases before and after operation,” Appetite, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 104–107, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. Aydin, E. Dag, Y. Ozkan et al., “Nesfatin-1 and ghrelin levels in serum and saliva of epileptic patients: hormonal changes can have a major effect on seizure disorders,” Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, vol. 328, no. 1-2, pp. 49–56, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D. Bouros, A. Tzouvelekis, S. Anevlavis et al., “Smoking acutely increases plasma ghrelin concentrations,” Clinical Chemistry, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 777–778, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. H. Lee, K.-H. Joe, W. Kim et al., “Increased leptin and decreased ghrelin level after smoking cessation,” Neuroscience Letters, vol. 409, no. 1, pp. 47–51, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. J. C. Farnaud, O. Kosti, S. J. Getting, and D. Renshaw, “Saliva: physiology and diagnostic potential in health and disease,” TheScientificWorldJournal, vol. 10, pp. 434–456, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Groschl, “Current status of salivary hormone analysis,” Annales de Biologie Clinique, vol. 67, pp. 493–504, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  26. S. M. Miller, “Saliva testing: a nontraditional diagnostic tool,” Clinical Laboratory Science, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 39–44, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. Aydin, I. Halifeoglu, I. H. Ozercan et al., “A comparison of leptin and ghrelin levels in plasma and saliva of young healthy subjects,” Peptides, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 647–652, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus